Archived: Building ArduPilot for APM2.x on Linux with Make



ArduPilot no longer supports make, Arduino or AVR.

Quick start

For Ubuntu, follow these steps to build the code. For other distributions, see the advanced instructions below.


Install git:

sudo apt-get -qq -y install git

Clone the source:

git clone --recurse-submodules
cd ardupilot

Run the script:

ardupilot/Tools/environment_install/ -y

Reload the path (log-out and log-in to make permanent):

. ~/.profile


Build for Copter:

cd ardupilot/ArduCopter

Build for Plane:

cd ardupilot/ArduPlane

Build for Rover:

cd ardupilot/Rover

Build for Antenna Tracker:

cd ardupilot/AntennaTracker


To build the ardupilot firmware on Linux, you will need a cross-compiler for the type of board you are building for. If you are using a debian based distribution such as Ubuntu then the following should get you the core packages you will need:

sudo apt-get install gcc-avr avrdude avr-libc binutils-avr

You will also need some extra tools to use the SITL system and additional development tools

sudo apt-get install python-serial python-wxgtk2.8 python-matplotlib python-opencv python-pexpect python-scipy

Once installed, you can build by changing directory to the vehicle type you want to build for, and running ‘make’ with the target you want. Look in mk/ for a list of build targets.

Ubuntu Linux

The following packages are required to build ardupilot for the APM1/APM2 (Arduino) platform in Ubuntu:

gawk make git arduino-core g++

To build ardupilot for the PX4 platform, you’ll first need to install the PX4 toolchain and download the PX4 source code.

The easiest way to install all these prerequisites is to run the ardupilot/Tools/scripts/ script, which will install all the required packages and download all the required software.

Building using make

1. For Copter and AntennaTracker you’ll need to run make configure from a sketch directory (ArduCopter or AntennaTracker) before you build the project for the first time. This will create a file at the top level of the repository. You can set some defaults in

2. In the sketch directory, type make to build for APM2. Alternatively, make apm1 will build for the APM1 and `make px4` will build for the Pixhawk. The binaries will generated in `/tmp/`.

3. Type `make upload` to upload. You may need to set the correct default serial port in your ``.