Complete Parameter List

Full Parameter List of Plane latest V4.1.0dev

You can change and check the parameters for another version:

This is a complete list of the parameters which can be set (e.g. via the MAVLink protocol) to control vehicle behaviour. They are stored in persistent storage on the vehicle.

This list is automatically generated from the latest ardupilot source code, and so may contain parameters which are not yet in the stable released versions of the code.

ArduPlane Parameters

FORMAT_VERSION: Eeprom format version number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This value is incremented when changes are made to the eeprom format

AUTOTUNE_LEVEL: Autotune level

Level of aggressiveness of pitch and roll PID gains. Lower values result in a ‘softer’ tune. Level 6 recommended for most planes.

Increment Range
1 1 - 10

TELEM_DELAY: Telemetry startup delay

The amount of time (in seconds) to delay radio telemetry to prevent an Xbee bricking on power up

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 30 seconds

GCS_PID_MASK: GCS PID tuning mask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

bitmask of PIDs to send MAVLink PID_TUNING messages for

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Roll
1 Pitch
2 Yaw
3 Steering
4 Landing

KFF_RDDRMIX: Rudder Mix

Amount of rudder to add during aileron movement. Increase if nose initially yaws away from roll. Reduces adverse yaw.

Increment Range
0.01 0 - 1

KFF_THR2PTCH: Throttle to Pitch Mix

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Degrees of elevator added for full throttle application. Increase to compensate for throttle causing down pitch.

Increment Range
0.01 0 - 5

STAB_PITCH_DOWN: Low throttle pitch down trim

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Degrees of down pitch added when throttle is below TRIM_THROTTLE in FBWA and AUTOTUNE modes. Scales linearly so full value is added when THR_MIN is reached. Helps to keep airspeed higher in glides or landing approaches and prevents accidental stalls. 2 degrees recommended for most planes.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0 - 15 degrees

GLIDE_SLOPE_MIN: Glide slope minimum

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the minimum altitude change for a waypoint before a glide slope will be used instead of an immediate altitude change. The default value is 15 meters, which helps to smooth out waypoint missions where small altitude changes happen near waypoints. If you don’t want glide slopes to be used in missions then you can set this to zero, which will disable glide slope calculations. Otherwise you can set it to a minimum number of meters of altitude error to the destination waypoint before a glide slope will be used to change altitude.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 1000 meters

GLIDE_SLOPE_THR: Glide slope threshold

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the height above the glide slope the plane may be before rebuilding a glide slope. This is useful for smoothing out an autotakeoff

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 meters

STICK_MIXING: Stick Mixing

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

When enabled, this adds user stick input to the control surfaces in auto modes, allowing the user to have some degree of flight control without changing modes. There are two types of stick mixing available. If you set STICK_MIXING to 1 then it will use “fly by wire” mixing, which controls the roll and pitch in the same way that the FBWA mode does. This is the safest option if you usually fly ArduPlane in FBWA or FBWB mode. If you set STICK_MIXING to 2 then it will enable direct mixing mode, which is what the STABILIZE mode uses. That will allow for much more extreme maneuvers while in AUTO mode. If you set STICK_MIXING to 3 then it will apply to the yaw while in quadplane modes only, such as while doing an automatic VTOL takeoff or landing.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 FBWMixing
2 DirectMixing
3 VTOL Yaw only

AUTO_FBW_STEER: Use FBWA steering in AUTO

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

When enabled this option gives FBWA navigation and steering in AUTO mode. This can be used to allow manual stabilised piloting with waypoint logic for triggering payloads. With this enabled the pilot has the same control over the plane as in FBWA mode, and the normal AUTO navigation is completely disabled. THIS OPTION IS NOT RECOMMENDED FOR NORMAL USE.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
42 Enabled

TKOFF_THR_MINSPD: Takeoff throttle min speed

Minimum GPS ground speed in m/s used by the speed check that un-suppresses throttle in auto-takeoff. This can be be used for catapult launches where you want the motor to engage only after the plane leaves the catapult, but it is preferable to use the TKOFF_THR_MINACC and TKOFF_THR_DELAY parameters for catapult launches due to the errors associated with GPS measurements. For hand launches with a pusher prop it is strongly advised that this parameter be set to a value no less than 4 m/s to provide additional protection against premature motor start. Note that the GPS velocity will lag the real velocity by about 0.5 seconds. The ground speed check is delayed by the TKOFF_THR_DELAY parameter.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0 - 30 meters per second

TKOFF_THR_MINACC: Takeoff throttle min acceleration

Minimum forward acceleration in m/s/s before arming the ground speed check in auto-takeoff. This is meant to be used for hand launches. Setting this value to 0 disables the acceleration test which means the ground speed check will always be armed which could allow GPS velocity jumps to start the engine. For hand launches and bungee launches this should be set to around 15. Also see TKOFF_ACCEL_CNT paramter for control of full “shake to arm”.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0 - 30 meters per square second

TKOFF_THR_DELAY: Takeoff throttle delay

This parameter sets the time delay (in 1/10ths of a second) that the ground speed check is delayed after the forward acceleration check controlled by TKOFF_THR_MINACC has passed. For hand launches with pusher propellers it is essential that this is set to a value of no less than 2 (0.2 seconds) to ensure that the aircraft is safely clear of the throwers arm before the motor can start. For bungee launches a larger value can be used (such as 30) to give time for the bungee to release from the aircraft before the motor is started.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 127 deciseconds

TKOFF_TDRAG_ELEV: Takeoff tail dragger elevator

This parameter sets the amount of elevator to apply during the initial stage of a takeoff. It is used to hold the tail wheel of a taildragger on the ground during the initial takeoff stage to give maximum steering. This option should be combined with the TKOFF_TDRAG_SPD1 option and the GROUND_STEER_ALT option along with tuning of the ground steering controller. A value of zero means to bypass the initial “tail hold” stage of takeoff. Set to zero for hand and catapult launch. For tail-draggers you should normally set this to 100, meaning full up elevator during the initial stage of takeoff. For most tricycle undercarriage aircraft a value of zero will work well, but for some tricycle aircraft a small negative value (say around -20 to -30) will apply down elevator which will hold the nose wheel firmly on the ground during initial acceleration. Only use a negative value if you find that the nosewheel doesn’t grip well during takeoff. Too much down elevator on a tricycle undercarriage may cause instability in steering as the plane pivots around the nosewheel. Add down elevator 10 percent at a time.

Increment Range Units
1 -100 - 100 percent

TKOFF_TDRAG_SPD1: Takeoff tail dragger speed1

This parameter sets the airspeed at which to stop holding the tail down and transition to rudder control of steering on the ground. When TKOFF_TDRAG_SPD1 is reached the pitch of the aircraft will be held level until TKOFF_ROTATE_SPD is reached, at which point the takeoff pitch specified in the mission will be used to “rotate” the pitch for takeoff climb. Set TKOFF_TDRAG_SPD1 to zero to go straight to rotation. This should be set to zero for hand launch and catapult launch. It should also be set to zero for tricycle undercarriages unless you are using the method above to genetly hold the nose wheel down. For tail dragger aircraft it should be set just below the stall speed.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0 - 30 meters per second

TKOFF_ROTATE_SPD: Takeoff rotate speed

This parameter sets the airspeed at which the aircraft will “rotate”, setting climb pitch specified in the mission. If TKOFF_ROTATE_SPD is zero then the climb pitch will be used as soon as takeoff is started. For hand launch and catapult launches a TKOFF_ROTATE_SPD of zero should be set. For all ground launches TKOFF_ROTATE_SPD should be set above the stall speed, usually by about 10 to 30 percent

Increment Range Units
0.1 0 - 30 meters per second

TKOFF_THR_SLEW: Takeoff throttle slew rate

This parameter sets the slew rate for the throttle during auto takeoff. When this is zero the THR_SLEWRATE parameter is used during takeoff. For rolling takeoffs it can be a good idea to set a lower slewrate for takeoff to give a slower acceleration which can improve ground steering control. The value is a percentage throttle change per second, so a value of 20 means to advance the throttle over 5 seconds on takeoff. Values below 20 are not recommended as they may cause the plane to try to climb out with too little throttle. A value of -1 means no limit on slew rate in takeoff.

Increment Range Units
1 -1 - 127 percent per second

TKOFF_PLIM_SEC: Takeoff pitch limit reduction

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This parameter reduces the pitch minimum limit of an auto-takeoff just a few seconds before it reaches the target altitude. This reduces overshoot by allowing the flight controller to start leveling off a few seconds before reaching the target height. When set to zero, the mission pitch min is enforced all the way to and through the target altitude, otherwise the pitch min slowly reduces to zero in the final segment. This is the pitch_min, not the demand. The flight controller should still be commanding to gain altitude to finish the takeoff but with this param it is not forcing it higher than it wants to be.

Increment Range Units
0.5 0 - 10 seconds

TKOFF_FLAP_PCNT: Takeoff flap percentage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The amount of flaps (as a percentage) to apply in automatic takeoff

Range Units
0 - 100 percent

FBWA_TDRAG_CHAN: FBWA taildragger channel

This is a RC input channel which when it goes above 1700 enables FBWA taildragger takeoff mode. It should be assigned to a momentary switch. Once this feature is enabled it will stay enabled until the aircraft goes above TKOFF_TDRAG_SPD1 airspeed, changes mode, or the pitch goes above the initial pitch when this is engaged or goes below 0 pitch. When enabled the elevator will be forced to TKOFF_TDRAG_ELEV. This option allows for easier takeoffs on taildraggers in FBWA mode, and also makes it easier to test auto-takeoff steering handling in FBWA. Setting it to 0 disables this option.

LEVEL_ROLL_LIMIT: Level flight roll limit

This controls the maximum bank angle in degrees during flight modes where level flight is desired, such as in the final stages of landing, and during auto takeoff. This should be a small angle (such as 5 degrees) to prevent a wing hitting the runway during takeoff or landing. Setting this to zero will completely disable heading hold on auto takeoff and final landing approach.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 45 degrees

USE_REV_THRUST: Bitmask for when to allow negative reverse thrust

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls when to use reverse thrust. If set to zero then reverse thrust is never used. If set to a non-zero value then the bits correspond to flight stages where reverse thrust may be used. Note that reverse thrust is only ever auto-enabled in auto-throttle modes. In modes where throttle control is pilot controlled the ability to do reverse thrust is controlled by throttle stick input. The most commonly used value for USE_REV_THRUST is 2, which means AUTO_LAND only. That enables reverse thrust in the landing stage of AUTO mode. Another common choice is 1, which means to use reverse thrust in all auto flight stages.

Bitmask Values
Bit Meaning
0 AUTO_ALWAYS
1 AUTO_LAND
2 AUTO_LOITER_TO_ALT
3 AUTO_LOITER_ALL
4 AUTO_WAYPOINTS
5 LOITER
6 RTL
7 CIRCLE
8 CRUISE
9 FBWB
10 GUIDED
Value Meaning
0 Never
1 AutoAlways
2 AutoLanding

ALT_CTRL_ALG: Altitude control algorithm

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets what algorithm will be used for altitude control. The default is zero, which selects the most appropriate algorithm for your airframe. Currently the default is to use TECS (total energy control system). From time to time we will add other experimental altitude control algorithms which will be selected using this parameter.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Automatic

ALT_OFFSET: Altitude offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is added to the target altitude in automatic flight. It can be used to add a global altitude offset to a mission

Increment Range Units
1 -32767 - 32767 meters

WP_RADIUS: Waypoint Radius

Defines the maximum distance from a waypoint that when crossed indicates the waypoint may be complete. To avoid the aircraft looping around the waypoint in case it misses by more than the WP_RADIUS an additional check is made to see if the aircraft has crossed a “finish line” passing through the waypoint and perpendicular to the flight path from the previous waypoint. If that finish line is crossed then the waypoint is considered complete. Note that the navigation controller may decide to turn later than WP_RADIUS before a waypoint, based on how sharp the turn is and the speed of the aircraft. It is safe to set WP_RADIUS much larger than the usual turn radius of your aircraft and the navigation controller will work out when to turn. If you set WP_RADIUS too small then you will tend to overshoot the turns.

Increment Range Units
1 1 - 32767 meters

WP_MAX_RADIUS: Waypoint Maximum Radius

Sets the maximum distance to a waypoint for the waypoint to be considered complete. This overrides the “cross the finish line” logic that is normally used to consider a waypoint complete. For normal AUTO behaviour this parameter should be set to zero. Using a non-zero value is only recommended when it is critical that the aircraft does approach within the given radius, and should loop around until it has done so. This can cause the aircraft to loop forever if its turn radius is greater than the maximum radius set.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 32767 meters

WP_LOITER_RAD: Waypoint Loiter Radius

Defines the distance from the waypoint center, the plane will maintain during a loiter. If you set this value to a negative number then the default loiter direction will be counter-clockwise instead of clockwise.

Increment Range Units
1 -32767 - 32767 meters

RTL_RADIUS: RTL loiter radius

Defines the radius of the loiter circle when in RTL mode. If this is zero then WP_LOITER_RAD is used. If the radius is negative then a counter-clockwise is used. If positive then a clockwise loiter is used.

Increment Range Units
1 -32767 - 32767 meters

FENCE_ACTION: Action on geofence breach

What to do on fence breach. If this is set to 0 then no action is taken, and geofencing is disabled. If this is set to 1 then the plane will enter GUIDED mode, with the target waypoint as the fence return point. If this is set to 2 then the fence breach is reported to the ground station, but no other action is taken. If set to 3 then the plane enters guided mode but the pilot retains manual throttle control. If set to 4 the plane enters RTL mode, with the target waypoint as the closest rally point (or home point if there are no rally points).

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 GuidedMode
2 ReportOnly
3 GuidedModeThrPass
4 RTL_Mode

FENCE_TOTAL: Fence Total

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Number of geofence points currently loaded

FENCE_CHANNEL: Fence Channel

RC Channel to use to enable geofence. PWM input above 1750 enables the geofence

FENCE_MINALT: Fence Minimum Altitude

Minimum altitude allowed before geofence triggers

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 32767 meters

FENCE_MAXALT: Fence Maximum Altitude

Maximum altitude allowed before geofence triggers

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 32767 meters

FENCE_RETALT: Fence Return Altitude

Altitude the aircraft will transit to when a fence breach occurs. If FENCE_RETALT is <= 0 then the midpoint between FENCE_MAXALT and FENCE_MINALT is used, unless FENCE_MAXALT < FENCE_MINALT. If FENCE_MAXALT < FENCE_MINALT AND FENCE_RETALT is <= 0 then ALT_HOLD_RTL is the altitude used on a fence breach.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 32767 meters

FENCE_AUTOENABLE: Fence automatic enable

When set to 1, geofence automatically enables after an auto takeoff and automatically disables at the beginning of an auto landing. When on the ground before takeoff the fence is disabled. When set to 2, the fence autoenables after an auto takeoff, but only disables the fence floor during landing. It is highly recommended to not use this option for line of sight flying and use a fence enable channel instead. When set to 3 the fence auto-enables when the vehicle is armed and disables when disarmed and arming will fail if the fence cannot be enabled or is outside the fence. Option 3 cannot be used with a non-zero FENCE_MINALT

Values
Value Meaning
0 NoAutoEnable
1 AutoEnable
2 AutoEnableDisableFloorOnly
3 EnableWhenArmed

FENCE_RET_RALLY: Fence Return to Rally

When set to 1: on fence breach the plane will return to the nearest rally point rather than the fence return point. If no rally points have been defined the plane will return to the home point.

Values
Value Meaning
0 FenceReturnPoint
1 NearestRallyPoint

STALL_PREVENTION: Enable stall prevention

Enables roll limits at low airspeed in roll limiting flight modes. Roll limits based on aerodynamic load factor in turns and scale on ARSPD_FBW_MIN that must be set correctly. Without airspeed sensor, uses synthetic airspeed from wind speed estimate that may both be inaccurate.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

ARSPD_FBW_MIN: Minimum Airspeed

Minimum airspeed demanded in automatic throttle modes. Should be set to 20% higher than level flight stall speed.

Increment Range Units
1 5 - 100 meters per second

ARSPD_FBW_MAX: Maximum Airspeed

Maximum airspeed demanded in automatic throttle modes. Should be set slightly less than level flight speed at THR_MAX and also at least 50% above ARSPD_FBW_MIN to allow for accurate TECS altitude control.

Increment Range Units
1 5 - 100 meters per second

FBWB_ELEV_REV: Fly By Wire elevator reverse

Reverse sense of elevator in FBWB and CRUISE modes. When set to 0 up elevator (pulling back on the stick) means to lower altitude. When set to 1, up elevator means to raise altitude.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

TERRAIN_FOLLOW: Use terrain following

This enables terrain following for CRUISE mode, FBWB mode, RTL and for rally points. To use this option you also need to set TERRAIN_ENABLE to 1, which enables terrain data fetching from the GCS, and you need to have a GCS that supports sending terrain data to the aircraft. When terrain following is enabled then CRUISE and FBWB mode will hold height above terrain rather than height above home. In RTL the return to launch altitude will be considered to be a height above the terrain. Rally point altitudes will be taken as height above the terrain. This option does not affect mission items, which have a per-waypoint flag for whether they are height above home or height above the terrain. To use terrain following missions you need a ground station which can set the waypoint type to be a terrain height waypoint when creating the mission.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

TERRAIN_LOOKAHD: Terrain lookahead

This controls how far ahead the terrain following code looks to ensure it stays above upcoming terrain. A value of zero means no lookahead, so the controller will track only the terrain directly below the aircraft. The lookahead will never extend beyond the next waypoint when in AUTO mode.

Range Units
0 - 10000 meters

FBWB_CLIMB_RATE: Fly By Wire B altitude change rate

This sets the rate in m/s at which FBWB and CRUISE modes will change its target altitude for full elevator deflection. Note that the actual climb rate of the aircraft can be lower than this, depending on your airspeed and throttle control settings. If you have this parameter set to the default value of 2.0, then holding the elevator at maximum deflection for 10 seconds would change the target altitude by 20 meters.

Increment Range Units
0.1 1 - 10 meters per second

THR_MIN: Minimum Throttle

Minimum throttle percentage used in all modes except manual, provided THR_PASS_STAB is not set. Negative values allow reverse thrust if hardware supports it.

Increment Range Units
1 -100 - 100 percent

THR_MAX: Maximum Throttle

Maximum throttle percentage used in automatic throttle modes.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

TKOFF_THR_MAX: Maximum Throttle for takeoff

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The maximum throttle setting during automatic takeoff. If this is zero then THR_MAX is used for takeoff as well.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

THR_SLEWRATE: Throttle slew rate

Maximum change in throttle percentage per second. Lower limit based on 1 microsend of servo increase per loop. Divide SCHED_LOOP_RATE by approximately 10 to determine minimum achievable value.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 127 percent per second

FLAP_SLEWRATE: Flap slew rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

maximum percentage change in flap output per second. A setting of 25 means to not change the flap by more than 25% of the full flap range in one second. A value of 0 means no rate limiting.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent per second

THR_SUPP_MAN: Throttle suppress manual passthru

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

When throttle is suppressed in auto mode it is normally forced to zero. If you enable this option, then while suppressed it will be manual throttle. This is useful on petrol engines to hold the idle throttle manually while waiting for takeoff

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

THR_PASS_STAB: Throttle passthru in stabilize

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If this is set then when in STABILIZE, FBWA or ACRO modes the throttle is a direct passthru from the transmitter. This means the THR_MIN and THR_MAX settings are not used in these modes. This is useful for petrol engines where you setup a throttle cut switch that suppresses the throttle below the normal minimum.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

THR_FAILSAFE: Throttle and RC Failsafe Enable

This enables failsafe on loss of RC input. How this is detected depends on the type of RC receiver being used. For older radios an input below the THR_FS_VALUE is used to trigger failsafe. For newer radios the failsafe trigger is part of the protocol between the autopilot and receiver.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

THR_FS_VALUE: Throttle Failsafe Value

The PWM level on the throttle input channel below which throttle failsafe triggers. Note that this should be well below the normal minimum for your throttle channel.

Increment Range
1 925 - 2200

TRIM_THROTTLE: Throttle cruise percentage

Target percentage of throttle to apply for flight in automatic throttle modes and throttle percentage that maintains TRIM_ARSPD_CM. Caution: low battery voltages at the end of flights may require higher throttle to maintain airspeed.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

THROTTLE_NUDGE: Throttle nudge enable

When enabled, this uses the throttle input in auto-throttle modes to ‘nudge’ the throttle or airspeed to higher or lower values. When you have an airspeed sensor the nudge affects the target airspeed, so that throttle inputs above 50% will increase the target airspeed from TRIM_ARSPD_CM up to a maximum of ARSPD_FBW_MAX. When no airspeed sensor is enabled the throttle nudge will push up the target throttle for throttle inputs above 50%.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

FS_SHORT_ACTN: Short failsafe action

The action to take on a short (FS_SHORT_TIMEOUT) failsafe event. A short failsafe even can be triggered either by loss of RC control (see THR_FS_VALUE) or by loss of GCS control (see FS_GCS_ENABL). If in CIRCLE or RTL mode this parameter is ignored. A short failsafe event in stabilization and manual modes will cause an change to CIRCLE mode if FS_SHORT_ACTN is 0 or 1, and a change to FBWA mode if FS_SHORT_ACTN is 2. In all other modes (AUTO, GUIDED and LOITER) a short failsafe event will cause no mode change if FS_SHORT_ACTN is set to 0, will cause a change to CIRCLE mode if set to 1 and will change to FBWA mode if set to 2. Please see the documentation for FS_LONG_ACTN for the behaviour after FS_LONG_TIMEOUT seconds of failsafe.

Values
Value Meaning
0 CIRCLE/no change(if already in AUTO|GUIDED|LOITER)
1 CIRCLE
2 FBWA
3 Disable

FS_SHORT_TIMEOUT: Short failsafe timeout

The time in seconds that a failsafe condition has to persist before a short failsafe event will occur. This defaults to 1.5 seconds

Increment Range Units
0.5 1 - 100 seconds

FS_LONG_ACTN: Long failsafe action

The action to take on a long (FS_LONG_TIMEOUT seconds) failsafe event. If the aircraft was in a stabilization or manual mode when failsafe started and a long failsafe occurs then it will change to RTL mode if FS_LONG_ACTN is 0 or 1, and will change to FBWA if FS_LONG_ACTN is set to 2. If the aircraft was in an auto mode (such as AUTO or GUIDED) when the failsafe started then it will continue in the auto mode if FS_LONG_ACTN is set to 0, will change to RTL mode if FS_LONG_ACTN is set to 1 and will change to FBWA mode if FS_LONG_ACTN is set to 2. If FS_LONG_ACTION is set to 3, the parachute will be deployed (make sure the chute is configured and enabled).

Values
Value Meaning
0 Continue
1 ReturnToLaunch
2 Glide
3 Deploy Parachute

FS_LONG_TIMEOUT: Long failsafe timeout

The time in seconds that a failsafe condition has to persist before a long failsafe event will occur. This defaults to 5 seconds.

Increment Range Units
0.5 1 - 300 seconds

FS_GCS_ENABL: GCS failsafe enable

Enable ground control station telemetry failsafe. Failsafe will trigger after FS_LONG_TIMEOUT seconds of no MAVLink heartbeat messages. There are three possible enabled settings. Seeing FS_GCS_ENABL to 1 means that GCS failsafe will be triggered when the aircraft has not received a MAVLink HEARTBEAT message. Setting FS_GCS_ENABL to 2 means that GCS failsafe will be triggered on either a loss of HEARTBEAT messages, or a RADIO_STATUS message from a MAVLink enabled 3DR radio indicating that the ground station is not receiving status updates from the aircraft, which is indicated by the RADIO_STATUS.remrssi field being zero (this may happen if you have a one way link due to asymmetric noise on the ground station and aircraft radios).Setting FS_GCS_ENABL to 3 means that GCS failsafe will be triggered by Heartbeat(like option one), but only in AUTO mode. WARNING: Enabling this option opens up the possibility of your plane going into failsafe mode and running the motor on the ground it it loses contact with your ground station. If this option is enabled on an electric plane then you should enable ARMING_REQUIRED.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Heartbeat
2 HeartbeatAndREMRSSI
3 HeartbeatAndAUTO

FLTMODE_CH: Flightmode channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

RC Channel to use for flight mode control

FLTMODE1: FlightMode1

Flight mode for switch position 1 (910 to 1230 and above 2049)

Values
Value Meaning
0 Manual
1 CIRCLE
2 STABILIZE
3 TRAINING
4 ACRO
5 FBWA
6 FBWB
7 CRUISE
8 AUTOTUNE
10 Auto
11 RTL
12 Loiter
13 TAKEOFF
14 AVOID_ADSB
15 Guided
17 QSTABILIZE
18 QHOVER
19 QLOITER
20 QLAND
21 QRTL
22 QAUTOTUNE
23 QACRO

FLTMODE2: FlightMode2

Flight mode for switch position 2 (1231 to 1360)

Values
Value Meaning
0 Manual
1 CIRCLE
2 STABILIZE
3 TRAINING
4 ACRO
5 FBWA
6 FBWB
7 CRUISE
8 AUTOTUNE
10 Auto
11 RTL
12 Loiter
13 TAKEOFF
14 AVOID_ADSB
15 Guided
17 QSTABILIZE
18 QHOVER
19 QLOITER
20 QLAND
21 QRTL
22 QAUTOTUNE
23 QACRO

FLTMODE3: FlightMode3

Flight mode for switch position 3 (1361 to 1490)

Values
Value Meaning
0 Manual
1 CIRCLE
2 STABILIZE
3 TRAINING
4 ACRO
5 FBWA
6 FBWB
7 CRUISE
8 AUTOTUNE
10 Auto
11 RTL
12 Loiter
13 TAKEOFF
14 AVOID_ADSB
15 Guided
17 QSTABILIZE
18 QHOVER
19 QLOITER
20 QLAND
21 QRTL
22 QAUTOTUNE
23 QACRO

FLTMODE4: FlightMode4

Flight mode for switch position 4 (1491 to 1620)

Values
Value Meaning
0 Manual
1 CIRCLE
2 STABILIZE
3 TRAINING
4 ACRO
5 FBWA
6 FBWB
7 CRUISE
8 AUTOTUNE
10 Auto
11 RTL
12 Loiter
13 TAKEOFF
14 AVOID_ADSB
15 Guided
17 QSTABILIZE
18 QHOVER
19 QLOITER
20 QLAND
21 QRTL
22 QAUTOTUNE
23 QACRO

FLTMODE5: FlightMode5

Flight mode for switch position 5 (1621 to 1749)

Values
Value Meaning
0 Manual
1 CIRCLE
2 STABILIZE
3 TRAINING
4 ACRO
5 FBWA
6 FBWB
7 CRUISE
8 AUTOTUNE
10 Auto
11 RTL
12 Loiter
13 TAKEOFF
14 AVOID_ADSB
15 Guided
17 QSTABILIZE
18 QHOVER
19 QLOITER
20 QLAND
21 QRTL
22 QAUTOTUNE
23 QACRO

FLTMODE6: FlightMode6

Flight mode for switch position 6 (1750 to 2049)

Values
Value Meaning
0 Manual
1 CIRCLE
2 STABILIZE
3 TRAINING
4 ACRO
5 FBWA
6 FBWB
7 CRUISE
8 AUTOTUNE
10 Auto
11 RTL
12 Loiter
13 TAKEOFF
14 AVOID_ADSB
15 Guided
17 QSTABILIZE
18 QHOVER
19 QLOITER
20 QLAND
21 QRTL
22 QAUTOTUNE
23 QACRO

INITIAL_MODE: Initial flight mode

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This selects the mode to start in on boot. This is useful for when you want to start in AUTO mode on boot without a receiver.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Manual
1 CIRCLE
2 STABILIZE
3 TRAINING
4 ACRO
5 FBWA
6 FBWB
7 CRUISE
8 AUTOTUNE
10 Auto
11 RTL
12 Loiter
13 TAKEOFF
14 AVOID_ADSB
15 Guided
17 QSTABILIZE
18 QHOVER
19 QLOITER
20 QLAND
21 QRTL
22 QAUTOTUNE
23 QACRO

LIM_ROLL_CD: Maximum Bank Angle

Maximum bank angle commanded in modes with stabilized limits. Increase this value for sharper turns, but decrease to prevent accelerated stalls.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 9000 centidegrees

LIM_PITCH_MAX: Maximum Pitch Angle

Maximum pitch up angle commanded in modes with stabilized limits.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 9000 centidegrees

LIM_PITCH_MIN: Minimum Pitch Angle

Maximum pitch down angle commanded in modes with stabilized limits

Increment Range Units
1 -9000 - 0 centidegrees

ACRO_ROLL_RATE: ACRO mode roll rate

The maximum roll rate at full stick deflection in ACRO mode

Increment Range Units
1 10 - 500 degrees per second

ACRO_PITCH_RATE: ACRO mode pitch rate

The maximum pitch rate at full stick deflection in ACRO mode

Increment Range Units
1 10 - 500 degrees per second

ACRO_LOCKING: ACRO mode attitude locking

Enable attitude locking when sticks are released

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

GROUND_STEER_ALT: Ground steer altitude

Altitude at which to use the ground steering controller on the rudder. If non-zero then the STEER2SRV controller will be used to control the rudder for altitudes within this limit of the home altitude.

Increment Range Units
0.1 -100 - 100 meters

GROUND_STEER_DPS: Ground steer rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Ground steering rate in degrees per second for full rudder stick deflection

Increment Range Units
1 10 - 360 degrees per second

TRIM_AUTO: Automatic trim adjustment

Enables the setting SERVOn_TRIM values to current levels when switching out of MANUAL mode. Should not be left on as mode switches while the plane is rolling or pitching can cause invalid trim values and subsequent unstable behavior. See newer and safer SERVO_AUTO_TRIM parameter for automated results.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

MIXING_GAIN: Mixing Gain

The gain for the Vtail and elevon output mixers. The default is 0.5, which ensures that the mixer doesn’t saturate, allowing both input channels to go to extremes while retaining control over the output. Hardware mixers often have a 1.0 gain, which gives more servo throw, but can saturate. If you don’t have enough throw on your servos with VTAIL_OUTPUT or ELEVON_OUTPUT enabled then you can raise the gain using MIXING_GAIN. The mixer allows outputs in the range 900 to 2100 microseconds.

Range
0.5 - 1.2

RUDDER_ONLY: Rudder only aircraft

Enable rudder only mode. The rudder will control attitude in attitude controlled modes (such as FBWA). You should setup your transmitter to send roll stick inputs to the RCMAP_YAW channel (normally channel 4). The rudder servo should be attached to the RCMAP_YAW channel as well. Note that automatic ground steering will be disabled for rudder only aircraft. You should also set KFF_RDDRMIX to 1.0. You will also need to setup the YAW2SRV_DAMP yaw damping appropriately for your aircraft. A value of 0.5 for YAW2SRV_DAMP is a good starting point.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

MIXING_OFFSET: Mixing Offset

The offset for the Vtail and elevon output mixers, as a percentage. This can be used in combination with MIXING_GAIN to configure how the control surfaces respond to input. The response to aileron or elevator input can be increased by setting this parameter to a positive or negative value. A common usage is to enter a positive value to increase the aileron response of the elevons of a flying wing. The default value of zero will leave the aileron-input response equal to the elevator-input response.

Range Units
-1000 - 1000 decipercent

DSPOILR_RUD_RATE: Differential spoilers rudder rate

Sets the amount of deflection that the rudder output will apply to the differential spoilers, as a percentage. The default value of 100 results in full rudder applying full deflection. A value of 0 will result in the differential spoilers exactly following the elevons (no rudder effect).

Range Units
-100 - 100 percent

SYS_NUM_RESETS: Num Resets

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Number of APM board resets

ReadOnly
True

LOG_BITMASK: Log bitmask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmap of what on-board log types to enable. This value is made up of the sum of each of the log types you want to be saved. It is usually best just to enable all log types by setting this to 65535. The individual bits are ATTITUDE_FAST=1, ATTITUDE_MEDIUM=2, GPS=4, PerformanceMonitoring=8, ControlTuning=16, NavigationTuning=32, Mode=64, IMU=128, Commands=256, Battery=512, Compass=1024, TECS=2048, Camera=4096, RCandServo=8192, Sonar=16384, Arming=32768, FullLogs=65535

Bitmask Values
Bit Meaning
0 ATTITUDE_FAST
1 ATTITUDE_MED
2 GPS
3 PM
4 CTUN
5 NTUN
6 MODE
7 IMU
8 CMD
9 CURRENT
10 COMPASS
11 TECS
12 CAMERA
13 RC
14 SONAR
15 ARM/DISARM
19 IMU_RAW
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
65535 All-Default

RST_SWITCH_CH: Reset Switch Channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

RC channel to use to reset to last flight mode after geofence takeover.

RST_MISSION_CH: Reset Mission Channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enables a channel to reset the mission to the first waypoint. Mission restart is triggered by channel rising above 1750 PWM. 0 disables.

TRIM_ARSPD_CM: Target airspeed

Target airspeed in cm/s in automatic throttle modes. Value is as an indicated (calibrated/apparent) airspeed.

Units
centimeters per second

SCALING_SPEED: speed used for speed scaling calculations

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Airspeed in m/s to use when calculating surface speed scaling. Note that changing this value will affect all PID values

Units
meters per second

MIN_GNDSPD_CM: Minimum ground speed

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Minimum ground speed in cm/s when under airspeed control

Units
centimeters per second

TRIM_PITCH_CD: Pitch angle offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset applied to AHRS pitch used for in-flight pitch trimming. Correct ground leveling is better than changing this parameter.

Units
centidegrees

ALT_HOLD_RTL: RTL altitude

Target altitude above home for RTL mode. Maintains current altitude if set to -1. Rally point altitudes are used if plane does not return to home.

Units
centimeters

ALT_HOLD_FBWCM: Minimum altitude for FBWB mode

This is the minimum altitude in centimeters that FBWB and CRUISE modes will allow. If you attempt to descend below this altitude then the plane will level off. A value of zero means no limit.

Units
centimeters

FLAP_1_PERCNT: Flap 1 percentage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The percentage change in flap position when FLAP_1_SPEED is reached. Use zero to disable flaps

Range Units
0 - 100 percent

FLAP_1_SPEED: Flap 1 speed

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The speed in meters per second at which to engage FLAP_1_PERCENT of flaps. Note that FLAP_1_SPEED should be greater than or equal to FLAP_2_SPEED

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 meters per second

FLAP_2_PERCNT: Flap 2 percentage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The percentage change in flap position when FLAP_2_SPEED is reached. Use zero to disable flaps

Range Units
0 - 100 percent

FLAP_2_SPEED: Flap 2 speed

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The speed in meters per second at which to engage FLAP_2_PERCENT of flaps. Note that FLAP_1_SPEED should be greater than or equal to FLAP_2_SPEED

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 meters per second

OVERRIDE_CHAN: IO override channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If set to a non-zero value then this is an RC input channel number to use for giving IO manual control in case the main FMU microcontroller on a board with a IO co-processor fails. When this RC input channel goes above 1750 the FMU microcontroller will no longer be involved in controlling the servos and instead the IO microcontroller will directly control the servos. Note that IO manual control will be automatically activated if the FMU crashes for any reason. This parameter allows you to test for correct manual behaviour without actually crashing the FMU. This parameter is can be set to a non-zero value either for ground testing purposes or for giving the effect of an external override control board. Please also see the docs on OVERRIDE_SAFETY. Note that you may set OVERRIDE_CHAN to the same channel as FLTMODE_CH to get IO based override when in flight mode 6. Note that when override is triggered due to a FMU crash the 6 auxiliary output channels on Pixhawk will no longer be updated, so all the flight controls you need must be assigned to the first 8 channels.

OVERRIDE_SAFETY: IO override safety switch

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls whether the safety switch is turned off when you activate override with OVERRIDE_CHAN. When set to 1 the safety switch is de-activated (activating the servos) then a IO override is triggered. In that case the safety remains de-activated after override is disabled. If OVERRIDE_SAFETTY is set to 0 then the safety switch state does not change. Note that regardless of the value of this parameter the servos will be active while override is active.

HIL_MODE: HIL mode enable

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables and disables hardware in the loop mode. If HIL_MODE is 1 then on the next reboot all sensors are replaced with HIL sensors which come from the GCS.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

HIL_SERVOS: HIL Servos enable

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls whether real servo controls are used in HIL mode. If you enable this then the APM will control the real servos in HIL mode. If disabled it will report servo values, but will not output to the real servos. Be careful that your motor and propeller are not connected if you enable this option.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

HIL_ERR_LIMIT: Limit of error in HIL attitude before reset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the maximum error in degrees on any axis before HIL will reset the DCM attitude to match the HIL_STATE attitude. This limit will prevent poor timing on HIL from causing a major attitude error. If the value is zero then no limit applies.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0 - 90 degrees

RTL_AUTOLAND: RTL auto land

Automatically begin landing sequence after arriving at RTL location. This requires the addition of a DO_LAND_START mission item, which acts as a marker for the start of a landing sequence. The closest landing sequence will be chosen to the current location.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disable
1 Enable - go HOME then land
2 Enable - go directly to landing sequence

CRASH_ACC_THRESH: Crash Deceleration Threshold

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

X-Axis deceleration threshold to notify the crash detector that there was a possible impact which helps disarm the motor quickly after a crash. This value should be much higher than normal negative x-axis forces during normal flight, check flight log files to determine the average IMU.x values for your aircraft and motor type. Higher value means less sensative (triggers on higher impact). For electric planes that don’t vibrate much during fight a value of 25 is good (that’s about 2.5G). For petrol/nitro planes you’ll want a higher value. Set to 0 to disable the collision detector.

Range Units
10 - 127 meters per square second

CRASH_DETECT: Crash Detection

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Automatically detect a crash during AUTO flight and perform the bitmask selected action(s). Disarm will turn off motor for safety and to help against burning out ESC and motor. Set to 0 to disable crash detection.

Bitmask Values
Bit Meaning
0 Disarm
Value Meaning
0 Disabled

CHUTE_CHAN: Parachute release channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If set to a non-zero value then this is an RC input channel number to use for manually releasing the parachute. When this channel goes above 1700 the parachute will be released

RNGFND_LANDING: Enable rangefinder for landing

This enables the use of a rangefinder for automatic landing. The rangefinder will be used both on the landing approach and for final flare

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

SYSID_ENFORCE: GCS sysid enforcement

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls whether packets from other than the expected GCS system ID will be accepted

Values
Value Meaning
0 NotEnforced
1 Enforced

RUDD_DT_GAIN: rudder differential thrust gain

gain control from rudder to differential thrust

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

MANUAL_RCMASK: Manual R/C pass-through mask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Mask of R/C channels to pass directly to corresponding output channel when in MANUAL mode. When in any mode except MANUAL the channels selected with this option behave normally. This parameter is designed to allow for complex mixing strategies to be used for MANUAL flight using transmitter based mixing. Note that when this option is used you need to be very careful with pre-flight checks to ensure that the output is correct both in MANUAL and non-MANUAL modes.

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Chan1
1 Chan2
2 Chan3
3 Chan4
4 Chan5
5 Chan6
6 Chan7
7 Chan8
8 Chan9
9 Chan10
10 Chan11
11 Chan12
12 Chan13
13 Chan14
14 Chan15
15 Chan16

HOME_RESET_ALT: Home reset altitude threshold

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

When the aircraft is within this altitude of the home waypoint, while disarmed it will automatically update the home position. Set to 0 to continously reset it.

Range Units Values
-1 - 127 meters
Value Meaning
-1 Never reset
0 Always reset

FLIGHT_OPTIONS: Flight mode options

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Flight mode specific options

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Rudder mixing in direct flight modes only (Manual / Stabilize / Acro)
1 Use centered throttle in Cruise or FBWB to indicate trim airspeed
2 Disable attitude check for takeoff arming
3 Force target airspeed to trim airspeed in Cruise or FBWB

TKOFF_ACCEL_CNT: Takeoff throttle acceleration count

This is the number of acceleration events to require for arming with TKOFF_THR_MINACC. The default is 1, which means a single forward acceleration above TKOFF_THR_MINACC will arm. By setting this higher than 1 you can require more forward/backward movements to arm.

Range
1 - 10

DSPOILER_CROW_W1: Differential spoiler crow flaps outer weight

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is amount of deflection applied to the two outer surfaces for differential spoilers for flaps to give crow flaps. It is a number from 0 to 100. At zero no crow flaps are applied. A recommended starting value is 25.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

DSPOILER_CROW_W2: Differential spoiler crow flaps inner weight

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is amount of deflection applied to the two inner surfaces for differential spoilers for flaps to give crow flaps. It is a number from 0 to 100. At zero no crow flaps are applied. A recommended starting value is 45.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

TKOFF_TIMEOUT: Takeoff timeout

This is the timeout for an automatic takeoff. If this is non-zero and the aircraft does not reach a ground speed of at least 4 m/s within this number of seconds then the takeoff is aborted and the vehicle disarmed. If the value is zero then no timeout applies.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

DSPOILER_OPTS: Differential spoiler and crow flaps options

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Differential spoiler and crow flaps options

Bitmask Values
Bit Meaning
0 pitch control
1 full span
2 Progressive crow
0: none, 1: D spoilers have pitch input, 2: use both control surfaces on each wing for roll, 4: Progressive crow flaps only first (0-50% flap in) then crow flaps (50 - 100% flap in)

DSPOILER_AILMTCH: Differential spoiler aileron matching

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This scales down the inner flaps so less than full downwards range can be used for differential spoiler and full span ailerons, 100 is use full range, upwards travel is unaffected

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

FWD_BAT_VOLT_MAX: Forward throttle battery voltage compensation maximum voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Forward throttle battery voltage compensation maximum voltage (voltage above this will have no additional scaling effect on thrust). Recommend 4.4 * cell count, 0 = Disabled

Range Units
6 - 35 volt

FWD_BAT_VOLT_MIN: Forward throttle battery voltage compensation minimum voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Forward throttle battery voltage compensation minimum voltage (voltage below this will have no additional scaling effect on thrust). Recommend 3.5 * cell count, 0 = Disabled

Range Units
6 - 35 volt

FWD_BAT_IDX: Forward throttle battery compensation index

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Which battery monitor should be used for doing compensation for the forward throttle

Values
Value Meaning
0 First battery
1 Second battery

FS_EKF_THRESH: EKF failsafe variance threshold

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Allows setting the maximum acceptable compass and velocity variance used to check navigation health in VTOL modes

Values
0.6:Strict, 0.8:Default, 1.0:Relaxed

RTL_CLIMB_MIN: RTL minimum climb

The vehicle will climb this many m during the initial climb portion of the RTL. During this time the roll will be limited to LEVEL_ROLL_LIMIT degrees.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 30 meters

ADSB_ Parameters

ADSB_ENABLE: Enable ADSB

Enable ADS-B

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

ADSB_LIST_MAX: ADSB vehicle list size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ADSB list size of nearest vehicles. Longer lists take longer to refresh with lower SRx_ADSB values.

Range
1 - 100

ADSB_LIST_RADIUS: ADSB vehicle list radius filter

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ADSB vehicle list radius filter. Vehicles detected outside this radius will be completely ignored. They will not show up in the SRx_ADSB stream to the GCS and will not be considered in any avoidance calculations. A value of 0 will disable this filter.

Range Units
0 - 100000 meters

ADSB_ICAO_ID: ICAO_ID vehicle identification number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ICAO_ID unique vehicle identification number of this aircraft. This is a integer limited to 24bits. If set to 0 then one will be randomly generated. If set to -1 then static information is not sent, transceiver is assumed pre-programmed.

Range
-1 - 16777215

ADSB_EMIT_TYPE: Emitter type

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ADSB classification for the type of vehicle emitting the transponder signal. Default value is 14 (UAV).

Values
Value Meaning
0 NoInfo
1 Light
2 Small
3 Large
4 HighVortexlarge
5 Heavy
6 HighlyManuv
7 Rotocraft
8 RESERVED
9 Glider
10 LightAir
11 Parachute
12 UltraLight
13 RESERVED
14 UAV
15 Space
16 RESERVED
17 EmergencySurface
18 ServiceSurface
19 PointObstacle

ADSB_LEN_WIDTH: Aircraft length and width

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Aircraft length and width dimension options in Length and Width in meters. In most cases, use a value of 1 for smallest size.

Values
Value Meaning
0 NO_DATA
1 L15W23
2 L25W28P5
3 L25W34
4 L35W33
5 L35W38
6 L45W39P5
7 L45W45
8 L55W45
9 L55W52
10 L65W59P5
11 L65W67
12 L75W72P5
13 L75W80
14 L85W80
15 L85W90

ADSB_OFFSET_LAT: GPS antenna lateral offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

GPS antenna lateral offset. This describes the physical location offest from center of the GPS antenna on the aircraft.

Values
Value Meaning
0 NoData
1 Left2m
2 Left4m
3 Left6m
4 Center
5 Right2m
6 Right4m
7 Right6m

ADSB_OFFSET_LON: GPS antenna longitudinal offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

GPS antenna longitudinal offset. This is usually set to 1, Applied By Sensor

Values
Value Meaning
0 NO_DATA
1 AppliedBySensor

ADSB_RF_SELECT: Transceiver RF selection

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Transceiver RF selection for Rx enable and/or Tx enable. This only effects devices that can Tx and Rx. Rx-only devices override this to always be Rx-only.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Rx-Only
2 Tx-Only
3 Rx and Tx Enabled

ADSB_SQUAWK: Squawk code

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

VFR squawk (Mode 3/A) code is a pre-programmed default code when the pilot is flying VFR and not in contact with ATC. In the USA, the VFR squawk code is octal 1200 (hex 0x280, decimal 640) and in most parts of Europe the VFR squawk code is octal 7000. If an invalid octal number is set then it will be reset to 1200.

Range Units
0 - 7777 octal

ADSB_RF_CAPABLE: RF capabilities

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Describes your hardware RF In/Out capabilities.

Bitmask Values
Bit Meaning
0 UAT_in
1 1090ES_in
2 UAT_out
3 1090ES_out
Value Meaning
0 Unknown
1 Rx UAT only
3 Rx UAT and 1090ES
7 Rx&Tx UAT and 1090ES

ADSB_LIST_ALT: ADSB vehicle list altitude filter

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ADSB vehicle list altitude filter. Vehicles detected above this altitude will be completely ignored. They will not show up in the SRx_ADSB stream to the GCS and will not be considered in any avoidance calculations. A value of 0 will disable this filter.

Range Units
0 - 32767 meters

ADSB_ICAO_SPECL: ICAO_ID of special vehicle

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ICAO_ID of special vehicle that ignores ADSB_LIST_RADIUS and ADSB_LIST_ALT. The vehicle is always tracked. Use 0 to disable.

ADSB_LOG: ADS-B logging

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

0: no logging, 1: log only special ID, 2:log all

Values
Value Meaning
0 no logging
1 log only special ID
2 log all

AFS_ Parameters

AFS_ENABLE: Enable Advanced Failsafe

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables the advanced failsafe system. If this is set to zero (disable) then all the other AFS options have no effect

AFS_MAN_PIN: Manual Pin

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets a digital output pin to set high when in manual mode

AFS_HB_PIN: Heartbeat Pin

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets a digital output pin which is cycled at 10Hz when termination is not activated. Note that if a FS_TERM_PIN is set then the heartbeat pin will continue to cycle at 10Hz when termination is activated, to allow the termination board to distinguish between autopilot crash and termination.

Values
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
49 BB Blue GP0 pin 4
50 AUXOUT1
51 AUXOUT2
52 AUXOUT3
53 AUXOUT4
54 AUXOUT5
55 AUXOUT6
57 BB Blue GP0 pin 3
113 BB Blue GP0 pin 6
116 BB Blue GP0 pin 5

AFS_WP_COMMS: Comms Waypoint

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Waypoint number to navigate to on comms loss

AFS_WP_GPS_LOSS: GPS Loss Waypoint

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Waypoint number to navigate to on GPS lock loss

AFS_TERMINATE: Force Terminate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Can be set in flight to force termination of the heartbeat signal

AFS_TERM_ACTION: Terminate action

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This can be used to force an action on flight termination. Normally this is handled by an external failsafe board, but you can setup APM to handle it here. Please consult the wiki for more information on the possible values of the parameter

AFS_TERM_PIN: Terminate Pin

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets a digital output pin to set high on flight termination

Values
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
49 BB Blue GP0 pin 4
50 AUXOUT1
51 AUXOUT2
52 AUXOUT3
53 AUXOUT4
54 AUXOUT5
55 AUXOUT6
57 BB Blue GP0 pin 3
113 BB Blue GP0 pin 6
116 BB Blue GP0 pin 5

AFS_AMSL_LIMIT: AMSL limit

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the AMSL (above mean sea level) altitude limit. If the pressure altitude determined by QNH exceeds this limit then flight termination will be forced. Note that this limit is in meters, whereas pressure altitude limits are often quoted in feet. A value of zero disables the pressure altitude limit.

Units
meters

AFS_AMSL_ERR_GPS: Error margin for GPS based AMSL limit

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets margin for error in GPS derived altitude limit. This error margin is only used if the barometer has failed. If the barometer fails then the GPS will be used to enforce the AMSL_LIMIT, but this margin will be subtracted from the AMSL_LIMIT first, to ensure that even with the given amount of GPS altitude error the pressure altitude is not breached. OBC users should set this to comply with their D2 safety case. A value of -1 will mean that barometer failure will lead to immediate termination.

Units
meters

AFS_QNH_PRESSURE: QNH pressure

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the QNH pressure in millibars to be used for pressure altitude in the altitude limit. A value of zero disables the altitude limit.

Units
millibar

AFS_MAX_GPS_LOSS: Maximum number of GPS loss events

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Maximum number of GPS loss events before the aircraft stops returning to mission on GPS recovery. Use zero to allow for any number of GPS loss events.

AFS_MAX_COM_LOSS: Maximum number of comms loss events

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Maximum number of comms loss events before the aircraft stops returning to mission on comms recovery. Use zero to allow for any number of comms loss events.

AFS_GEOFENCE: Enable geofence Advanced Failsafe

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables the geofence part of the AFS. Will only be in effect if AFS_ENABLE is also 1

AFS_RC: Enable RC Advanced Failsafe

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables the RC part of the AFS. Will only be in effect if AFS_ENABLE is also 1

AFS_RC_MAN_ONLY: Enable RC Termination only in manual control modes

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If this parameter is set to 1, then an RC loss will only cause the plane to terminate in manual control modes. If it is 0, then the plane will terminate in any flight mode.

AFS_DUAL_LOSS: Enable dual loss terminate due to failure of both GCS and GPS simultaneously

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables the dual loss termination part of the AFS system. If this parameter is 1 and both GPS and the ground control station fail simultaneously, this will be considered a “dual loss” and cause termination.

AFS_RC_FAIL_TIME: RC failure time

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the time in seconds in manual mode that failsafe termination will activate if RC input is lost. For the OBC rules this should be (1.5). Use 0 to disable.

Units
seconds

AFS_MAX_RANGE: Max allowed range

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the maximum range of the vehicle in kilometers from first arming. If the vehicle goes beyond this range then the TERM_ACTION is performed. A value of zero disables this feature.

Units
kilometers

AHRS_ Parameters

AHRS_GPS_GAIN: AHRS GPS gain

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls how much to use the GPS to correct the attitude. This should never be set to zero for a plane as it would result in the plane losing control in turns. For a plane please use the default value of 1.0.

Increment Range
.01 0.0 - 1.0

AHRS_GPS_USE: AHRS use GPS for navigation

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls whether to use dead-reckoning or GPS based navigation. If set to 0 then the GPS won’t be used for navigation, and only dead reckoning will be used. A value of zero should never be used for normal flight. Currently this affects only the DCM-based AHRS: the EKF uses GPS whenever it is available.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

AHRS_YAW_P: Yaw P

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the weight the compass or GPS has on the heading. A higher value means the heading will track the yaw source (GPS or compass) more rapidly.

Increment Range
.01 0.1 - 0.4

AHRS_RP_P: AHRS RP_P

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls how fast the accelerometers correct the attitude

Increment Range
.01 0.1 - 0.4

AHRS_WIND_MAX: Maximum wind

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the maximum allowable difference between ground speed and airspeed. This allows the plane to cope with a failing airspeed sensor. A value of zero means to use the airspeed as is.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 127 meters per second

AHRS_TRIM_X: AHRS Trim Roll

Compensates for the roll angle difference between the control board and the frame. Positive values make the vehicle roll right.

Increment Range Units
0.01 -0.1745 - +0.1745 radians

AHRS_TRIM_Y: AHRS Trim Pitch

Compensates for the pitch angle difference between the control board and the frame. Positive values make the vehicle pitch up/back.

Increment Range Units
0.01 -0.1745 - +0.1745 radians

AHRS_TRIM_Z: AHRS Trim Yaw

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Not Used

Increment Range Units
0.01 -0.1745 - +0.1745 radians

AHRS_ORIENTATION: Board Orientation

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Overall board orientation relative to the standard orientation for the board type. This rotates the IMU and compass readings to allow the board to be oriented in your vehicle at any 90 or 45 degree angle. This option takes affect on next boot. After changing you will need to re-level your vehicle.

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Yaw45
2 Yaw90
3 Yaw135
4 Yaw180
5 Yaw225
6 Yaw270
7 Yaw315
8 Roll180
9 Roll180Yaw45
10 Roll180Yaw90
11 Roll180Yaw135
12 Pitch180
13 Roll180Yaw225
14 Roll180Yaw270
15 Roll180Yaw315
16 Roll90
17 Roll90Yaw45
18 Roll90Yaw90
19 Roll90Yaw135
20 Roll270
21 Roll270Yaw45
22 Roll270Yaw90
23 Roll270Yaw135
24 Pitch90
25 Pitch270
26 Pitch180Yaw90
27 Pitch180Yaw270
28 Roll90Pitch90
29 Roll180Pitch90
30 Roll270Pitch90
31 Roll90Pitch180
32 Roll270Pitch180
33 Roll90Pitch270
34 Roll180Pitch270
35 Roll270Pitch270
36 Roll90Pitch180Yaw90
37 Roll90Yaw270
38 Yaw293Pitch68Roll180
39 Pitch315
40 Roll90Pitch315
100 Custom

AHRS_COMP_BETA: AHRS Velocity Complementary Filter Beta Coefficient

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the time constant for the cross-over frequency used to fuse AHRS (airspeed and heading) and GPS data to estimate ground velocity. Time constant is 0.1/beta. A larger time constant will use GPS data less and a small time constant will use air data less.

Increment Range
.01 0.001 - 0.5

AHRS_GPS_MINSATS: AHRS GPS Minimum satellites

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Minimum number of satellites visible to use GPS for velocity based corrections attitude correction. This defaults to 6, which is about the point at which the velocity numbers from a GPS become too unreliable for accurate correction of the accelerometers.

Increment Range
1 0 - 10

AHRS_EKF_TYPE: Use NavEKF Kalman filter for attitude and position estimation

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls which NavEKF Kalman filter version is used for attitude and position estimation

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
2 Enable EKF2
3 Enable EKF3

AHRS_CUSTOM_ROLL: Board orientation roll offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Autopilot mounting position roll offset. Positive values = roll right, negative values = roll left. This parameter is only used when AHRS_ORIENTATION is set to CUSTOM.

Increment Range Units
1 -180 - 180 degrees

AHRS_CUSTOM_PIT: Board orientation pitch offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Autopilot mounting position pitch offset. Positive values = pitch up, negative values = pitch down. This parameter is only used when AHRS_ORIENTATION is set to CUSTOM.

Increment Range Units
1 -180 - 180 degrees

AHRS_CUSTOM_YAW: Board orientation yaw offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Autopilot mounting position yaw offset. Positive values = yaw right, negative values = yaw left. This parameter is only used when AHRS_ORIENTATION is set to CUSTOM.

Increment Range Units
1 -180 - 180 degrees

ARMING_ Parameters

ARMING_REQUIRE: Require Arming Motors

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Arming disabled until some requirements are met. If 0, there are no requirements (arm immediately). If 1, require rudder stick or GCS arming before arming motors and sends the minimum throttle PWM value to the throttle channel when disarmed. If 2, require rudder stick or GCS arming and send 0 PWM to throttle channel when disarmed. See the ARMING_CHECK_* parameters to see what checks are done before arming. Note, if setting this parameter to 0 a reboot is required to arm the plane. Also note, even with this parameter at 0, if ARMING_CHECK parameter is not also zero the plane may fail to arm throttle at boot due to a pre-arm check failure.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 THR_MIN PWM when disarmed
2 0 PWM when disarmed

ARMING_ACCTHRESH: Accelerometer error threshold

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Accelerometer error threshold used to determine inconsistent accelerometers. Compares this error range to other accelerometers to detect a hardware or calibration error. Lower value means tighter check and harder to pass arming check. Not all accelerometers are created equal.

Range Units
0.25 - 3.0 meters per square second

ARMING_RUDDER: Arming with Rudder enable/disable

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Allow arm/disarm by rudder input. When enabled arming can be done with right rudder, disarming with left rudder. Rudder arming only works in manual throttle modes with throttle at zero +- deadzone (RCx_DZ)

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 ArmingOnly
2 ArmOrDisarm

ARMING_MIS_ITEMS: Required mission items

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask of mission items that are required to be planned in order to arm the aircraft

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Land
1 VTOL Land
2 DO_LAND_START
3 Takeoff
4 VTOL Takeoff
5 Rallypoint

ARMING_CHECK: Arm Checks to Perform (bitmask)

Checks prior to arming motor. This is a bitmask of checks that will be performed before allowing arming. The default is no checks, allowing arming at any time. You can select whatever checks you prefer by adding together the values of each check type to set this parameter. For example, to only allow arming when you have GPS lock and no RC failsafe you would set ARMING_CHECK to 72. For most users it is recommended that you set this to 1 to enable all checks.

Bitmask Values
Bit Meaning
0 All
1 Barometer
2 Compass
3 GPS lock
4 INS
5 Parameters
6 RC Channels
7 Board voltage
8 Battery Level
9 Airspeed
10 Logging Available
11 Hardware safety switch
12 GPS Configuration
13 System
14 Mission
15 Rangefinder
16 Camera
17 AuxAuth
19 FFT
Value Meaning
0 None
1 All
2 Barometer
4 Compass
8 GPS Lock
16 INS(INertial Sensors - accels & gyros)
32 Parameters(unused)
64 RC Channels
128 Board voltage
256 Battery Level
512 Airspeed
1024 LoggingAvailable
2048 Hardware safety switch
4096 GPS configuration
8192 System
16384 Mission
32768 RangeFinder
65536 Camera
131072 AuxAuth
524288 FFT

ARSPD Parameters

ARSPD_TYPE: Airspeed type

Type of airspeed sensor

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 I2C-MS4525D0
2 Analog
3 I2C-MS5525
4 I2C-MS5525 (0x76)
5 I2C-MS5525 (0x77)
6 I2C-SDP3X
7 I2C-DLVR-5in
8 UAVCAN
9 I2C-DLVR-10in

ARSPD_USE: Airspeed use

Enables airspeed use for automatic throttle modes and replaces control from THR_TRIM. Continues to display and log airspeed if set to 0. Uses airspeed for control if set to 1. Only uses airspeed when throttle = 0 if set to 2 (useful for gliders with airspeed sensors behind propellers).

Values
Value Meaning
0 DoNotUse
1 Use
2 UseWhenZeroThrottle

ARSPD_OFFSET: Airspeed offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Airspeed calibration offset

Increment
0.1

ARSPD_RATIO: Airspeed ratio

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Calibrates pitot tube pressure to velocity. Increasing this value will indicate a higher airspeed at any given dynamic pressure.

Increment
0.1

ARSPD_PIN: Airspeed pin

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The pin number that the airspeed sensor is connected to for analog sensors. Set to 15 on the Pixhawk for the analog airspeed port.

ARSPD_AUTOCAL: Automatic airspeed ratio calibration

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enables automatic adjustment of ARSPD_RATIO during a calibration flight based on estimation of ground speed and true airspeed. New ratio saved every 2 minutes if change is > 5%. Should not be left enabled.

ARSPD_TUBE_ORDER: Control pitot tube order

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Changes the pitot tube order to specify the dynamic pressure side of the sensor. Accepts either if set to 2. Accepts only one side if set to 0 or 1 and can help detect excessive pressure on the static port without indicating positive airspeed.

ARSPD_SKIP_CAL: Skip airspeed calibration on startup

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This parameter allows you to skip airspeed offset calibration on startup, instead using the offset from the last calibration. This may be desirable if the offset variance between flights for your sensor is low and you want to avoid having to cover the pitot tube on each boot.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disable
1 Enable

ARSPD_PSI_RANGE: The PSI range of the device

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This parameter allows you to to set the PSI (pounds per square inch) range for your sensor. You should not change this unless you examine the datasheet for your device

ARSPD_BUS: Airspeed I2C bus

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bus number of the I2C bus where the airspeed sensor is connected

Values
Value Meaning
0 Bus0(internal)
1 Bus1(external)
2 Bus2(auxillary)

ARSPD_PRIMARY: Primary airspeed sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This selects which airspeed sensor will be the primary if multiple sensors are found

Values
Value Meaning
0 FirstSensor
1 2ndSensor

ARSPD_OPTIONS: Airspeed options bitmask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask of options to use with airspeed.

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Disable on sensor failure
1 Re-enable on sensor recovery

ARSPD2_TYPE: Second Airspeed type

Type of 2nd airspeed sensor

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 I2C-MS4525D0
2 Analog
3 I2C-MS5525
4 I2C-MS5525 (0x76)
5 I2C-MS5525 (0x77)
6 I2C-SDP3X
7 I2C-DLVR-5in
8 UAVCAN
9 I2C-DLVR-10in

ARSPD2_USE: Enable use of 2nd airspeed sensor

use airspeed for flight control. When set to 0 airspeed sensor can be logged and displayed on a GCS but won’t be used for flight. When set to 1 it will be logged and used. When set to 2 it will be only used when the throttle is zero, which can be useful in gliders with airspeed sensors behind a propeller

Values
Value Meaning
0 Don’t Use
1 use
2 UseWhenZeroThrottle

ARSPD2_OFFSET: Airspeed offset for 2nd airspeed sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Airspeed calibration offset

Increment
0.1

ARSPD2_RATIO: Airspeed ratio for 2nd airspeed sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Airspeed calibration ratio

Increment
0.1

ARSPD2_PIN: Airspeed pin for 2nd airspeed sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Pin number indicating location of analog airspeed sensors. Pixhawk/Cube if set to 15.

ARSPD2_AUTOCAL: Automatic airspeed ratio calibration for 2nd airspeed sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If this is enabled then the autopilot will automatically adjust the ARSPD_RATIO during flight, based upon an estimation filter using ground speed and true airspeed. The automatic calibration will save the new ratio to EEPROM every 2 minutes if it changes by more than 5%. This option should be enabled for a calibration flight then disabled again when calibration is complete. Leaving it enabled all the time is not recommended.

ARSPD2_TUBE_ORDR: Control pitot tube order of 2nd airspeed sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This parameter allows you to control whether the order in which the tubes are attached to your pitot tube matters. If you set this to 0 then the top connector on the sensor needs to be the dynamic pressure. If set to 1 then the bottom connector needs to be the dynamic pressure. If set to 2 (the default) then the airspeed driver will accept either order. The reason you may wish to specify the order is it will allow your airspeed sensor to detect if the aircraft it receiving excessive pressure on the static port, which would otherwise be seen as a positive airspeed.

ARSPD2_SKIP_CAL: Skip airspeed calibration on startup for 2nd sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This parameter allows you to skip airspeed offset calibration on startup, instead using the offset from the last calibration. This may be desirable if the offset variance between flights for your sensor is low and you want to avoid having to cover the pitot tube on each boot.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disable
1 Enable

ARSPD2_PSI_RANGE: The PSI range of the device for 2nd sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This parameter allows you to to set the PSI (pounds per square inch) range for your sensor. You should not change this unless you examine the datasheet for your device

ARSPD2_BUS: Airspeed I2C bus for 2nd sensor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The bus number of the I2C bus to look for the sensor on

Values
Value Meaning
0 Bus0(internal)
1 Bus1(external)
2 Bus2(auxillary)

AVD_ Parameters

AVD_ENABLE: Enable Avoidance using ADSB

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable Avoidance using ADSB

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

AVD_F_ACTION: Collision Avoidance Behavior

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Specifies aircraft behaviour when a collision is imminent

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Report
2 Climb Or Descend
3 Move Horizontally
4 Move Perpendicularly in 3D
5 RTL
6 Hover

AVD_W_ACTION: Collision Avoidance Behavior - Warn

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Specifies aircraft behaviour when a collision may occur

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Report

AVD_F_RCVRY: Recovery behaviour after a fail event

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Determines what the aircraft will do after a fail event is resolved

Values
Value Meaning
0 Remain in AVOID_ADSB
1 Resume previous flight mode
2 RTL
3 Resume if AUTO else Loiter

AVD_OBS_MAX: Maximum number of obstacles to track

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Maximum number of obstacles to track

AVD_W_TIME: Time Horizon Warn

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Aircraft velocity vectors are multiplied by this time to determine closest approach. If this results in an approach closer than W_DIST_XY or W_DIST_Z then W_ACTION is undertaken (assuming F_ACTION is not undertaken)

Units
seconds

AVD_F_TIME: Time Horizon Fail

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Aircraft velocity vectors are multiplied by this time to determine closest approach. If this results in an approach closer than F_DIST_XY or F_DIST_Z then F_ACTION is undertaken

Units
seconds

AVD_W_DIST_XY: Distance Warn XY

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Closest allowed projected distance before W_ACTION is undertaken

Units
meters

AVD_F_DIST_XY: Distance Fail XY

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Closest allowed projected distance before F_ACTION is undertaken

Units
meters

AVD_W_DIST_Z: Distance Warn Z

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Closest allowed projected distance before BEHAVIOUR_W is undertaken

Units
meters

AVD_F_DIST_Z: Distance Fail Z

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Closest allowed projected distance before BEHAVIOUR_F is undertaken

Units
meters

AVD_F_ALT_MIN: ADS-B avoidance minimum altitude

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Minimum altitude for ADS-B avoidance. If the vehicle is below this altitude, no avoidance action will take place. Useful to prevent ADS-B avoidance from activating while below the tree line or around structures. Default of 0 is no minimum.

Units
meters

BATT2_ Parameters

BATT2_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT2_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT2_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT2_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT2_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT2_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT2_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT2_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT2_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT2_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT2_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT2_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT2_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT2_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT2_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT2_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT2_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT2_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT2_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT2_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT2_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT2__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT2_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT2_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT2_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT2_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT2__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT2_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT3_ Parameters

BATT3_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT3_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT3_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT3_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT3_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT3_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT3_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT3_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT3_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT3_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT3_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT3_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT3_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT3_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT3_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT3_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT3_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT3_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT3_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT3_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT3_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT3__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT3_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT3_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT3_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT3_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT3__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT3_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT4_ Parameters

BATT4_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT4_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT4_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT4_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT4_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT4_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT4_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT4_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT4_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT4_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT4_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT4_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT4_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT4_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT4_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT4_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT4_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT4_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT4_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT4_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT4_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT4__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT4_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT4_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT4_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT4_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT4__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT4_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT5_ Parameters

BATT5_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT5_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT5_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT5_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT5_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT5_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT5_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT5_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT5_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT5_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT5_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT5_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT5_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT5_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT5_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT5_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT5_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT5_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT5_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT5_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT5_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT5__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT5_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT5_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT5_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT5_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT5__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT5_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT6_ Parameters

BATT6_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT6_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT6_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT6_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT6_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT6_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT6_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT6_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT6_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT6_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT6_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT6_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT6_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT6_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT6_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT6_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT6_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT6_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT6_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT6_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT6_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT6__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT6_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT6_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT6_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT6_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT6__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT6_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT7_ Parameters

BATT7_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT7_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT7_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT7_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT7_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT7_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT7_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT7_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT7_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT7_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT7_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT7_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT7_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT7_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT7_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT7_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT7_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT7_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT7_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT7_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT7_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT7__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT7_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT7_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT7_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT7_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT7__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT7_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT8_ Parameters

BATT8_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT8_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT8_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT8_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT8_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT8_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT8_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT8_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT8_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT8_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT8_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT8_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT8_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT8_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT8_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT8_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT8_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT8_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT8_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT8_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT8_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT8__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT8_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT8_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT8_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT8_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT8__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT8_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT9_ Parameters

BATT9_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT9_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT9_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT9_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT9_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT9_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT9_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT9_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT9_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT9_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT9_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT9_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT9_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT9_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT9_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT9_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT9_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT9_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT9_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT9_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT9_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT9__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT9_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT9_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT9_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT9_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT9__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT9_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BATT_ Parameters

BATT_MONITOR: Battery monitoring

Controls enabling monitoring of the battery’s voltage and current

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
3 Analog Voltage Only
4 Analog Voltage and Current
5 Solo
6 Bebop
7 SMBus-Maxell
8 UAVCAN-BatteryInfo
9 BLHeli ESC
10 SumOfFollowing
11 FuelFlow
12 FuelLevelPWM
13 SMBUS-SUI3
14 SMBUS-SUI6
15 NeoDesign

BATT_VOLT_PIN: Battery Voltage sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for voltage monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
2 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
13 Pixhawk2_PM2/CubeOrange_PM2
14 CubeOrange
16 Durandal
100 PX4-v1

BATT_CURR_PIN: Battery Current sensing pin

Sets the analog input pin that should be used for current monitoring.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
3 Pixhawk/Pixracer/Navio2/Pixhawk2_PM1
14 Pixhawk2_PM2
15 CubeOrange
4 CubeOrange_PM2
17 Durandal
101 PX4-v1

BATT_VOLT_MULT: Voltage Multiplier

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to convert the voltage of the voltage sensing pin (BATT_VOLT_PIN) to the actual battery’s voltage (pin_voltage * VOLT_MULT). For the 3DR Power brick with a Pixhawk, this should be set to 10.1. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 12.02. For the PX using the PX4IO power supply this should be set to 1.

BATT_AMP_PERVLT: Amps per volt

Number of amps that a 1V reading on the current sensor corresponds to. With a Pixhawk using the 3DR Power brick this should be set to 17. For the Pixhawk with the 3DR 4in1 ESC this should be 17.

Units
ampere per volt

BATT_AMP_OFFSET: AMP offset

Voltage offset at zero current on current sensor

Units
volt

BATT_CAPACITY: Battery capacity

Capacity of the battery in mAh when full

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT_WATT_MAX: Maximum allowed power (Watts)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If battery wattage (voltage * current) exceeds this value then the system will reduce max throttle (THR_MAX, TKOFF_THR_MAX and THR_MIN for reverse thrust) to satisfy this limit. This helps limit high current to low C rated batteries regardless of battery voltage. The max throttle will slowly grow back to THR_MAX (or TKOFF_THR_MAX ) and THR_MIN if demanding the current max and under the watt max. Use 0 to disable.

Increment Units
1 watt

BATT_SERIAL_NUM: Battery serial number

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery serial number, automatically filled in for SMBus batteries, otherwise will be -1. With UAVCAN it is the battery_id.

BATT_LOW_TIMER: Low voltage timeout

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the timeout in seconds before a low voltage event will be triggered. For aircraft with low C batteries it may be necessary to raise this in order to cope with low voltage on long takeoffs. A value of zero disables low voltage errors.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 120 seconds

BATT_FS_VOLTSRC: Failsafe voltage source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Voltage type used for detection of low voltage event

Values
Value Meaning
0 Raw Voltage
1 Sag Compensated Voltage

BATT_LOW_VOLT: Low battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a low battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT_LOW_MAH: Low battery capacity

Battery capacity at which the low battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT_FS_LOW_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT_CRT_VOLT: Critical battery voltage

Battery voltage that triggers a critical battery failsafe. Set to 0 to disable. If the battery voltage drops below this voltage continuously for more then the period specified by the BATT_LOW_TIMER parameter then the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT_FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT_CRT_MAH: Battery critical capacity

Battery capacity at which the critical battery failsafe is triggered. Set to 0 to disable battery remaining failsafe. If the battery capacity drops below this level the vehicle will perform the failsafe specified by the BATT__FS_CRT_ACT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT_FS_LOW_ACT: Low battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a low battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand

BATT_FS_CRT_ACT: Critical battery failsafe action

What action the vehicle should perform if it hits a critical battery failsafe

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 RTL
2 Land
3 Terminate
4 QLand
5 Parachute

BATT_ARM_VOLT: Required arming voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery voltage level which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any voltage.

Increment Units
0.1 volt

BATT_ARM_MAH: Required arming remaining capacity

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Battery capacity remaining which is required to arm the aircraft. Set to 0 to allow arming at any capacity. Note that execept for smart batteries rebooting the vehicle will always reset the remaining capacity estimate, which can lead to this check not providing sufficent protection, it is recommended to always use this in conjunction with the BATT__ARM_VOLT parameter.

Increment Units
50 milliampere hour

BATT_BUS: Battery monitor I2C bus number

Battery monitor I2C bus number

Range
0 - 3

BRD_ Parameters

BRD_PWM_COUNT: Auxiliary pin config

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Controls number of FMU outputs which are setup for PWM. All unassigned pins can be used for GPIO

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 No PWMs
1 One PWMs
2 Two PWMs
3 Three PWMs
4 Four PWMs
5 Five PWMs
6 Six PWMs
7 Seven PWMs
8 Eight PWMs

BRD_SER1_RTSCTS: Serial 1 flow control

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable flow control on serial 1 (telemetry 1) on Pixhawk. You must have the RTS and CTS pins connected to your radio. The standard DF13 6 pin connector for a 3DR radio does have those pins connected. If this is set to 2 then flow control will be auto-detected by checking for the output buffer filling on startup. Note that the PX4v1 does not have hardware flow control pins on this port, so you should leave this disabled.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled
2 Auto

BRD_SER2_RTSCTS: Serial 2 flow control

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable flow control on serial 2 (telemetry 2) on Pixhawk and STATE. You must have the RTS and CTS pins connected to your radio. The standard DF13 6 pin connector for a 3DR radio does have those pins connected. If this is set to 2 then flow control will be auto-detected by checking for the output buffer filling on startup.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled
2 Auto

BRD_SAFETYENABLE: Enable use of safety arming switch

This controls the default state of the safety switch at startup. When set to 1 the safety switch will start in the safe state (flashing) at boot. When set to zero the safety switch will start in the unsafe state (solid) at startup. Note that if a safety switch is fitted the user can still control the safety state after startup using the switch. The safety state can also be controlled in software using a MAVLink message.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

BRD_SBUS_OUT: SBUS output rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the SBUS output frame rate in Hz

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 50Hz
2 75Hz
3 100Hz
4 150Hz
5 200Hz
6 250Hz
7 300Hz

BRD_SERIAL_NUM: User-defined serial number

User-defined serial number of this vehicle, it can be any arbitrary number you want and has no effect on the autopilot

Range
-32768 - 32767

BRD_SAFETY_MASK: Outputs which ignore the safety switch state

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

A bitmask which controls what outputs can move while the safety switch has not been pressed

Bitmask RebootRequired Values
Bit Meaning
0 Output1
1 Output2
2 Output3
3 Output4
4 Output5
5 Output6
6 Output7
7 Output8
8 Output9
9 Output10
10 Output11
11 Output12
12 Output13
13 Output14
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

BRD_IMU_TARGTEMP: Target IMU temperature

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the target IMU temperature for boards with controllable IMU heating units. DO NOT SET -1 on The Cube. A value of -1 sets PH1 behaviour

Range Units
-1 - 80 degrees Celsius

BRD_TYPE: Board type

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This allows selection of a PX4 or VRBRAIN board type. If set to zero then the board type is auto-detected (PX4)

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 AUTO
1 PX4V1
2 Pixhawk
3 Cube/Pixhawk2
4 Pixracer
5 PixhawkMini
6 Pixhawk2Slim
7 VRBrain 5.1
8 VRBrain 5.2
9 VR Micro Brain 5.1
10 VR Micro Brain 5.2
11 VRBrain Core 1.0
12 VRBrain 5.4
13 Intel Aero FC
20 AUAV2.1

BRD_IO_ENABLE: Enable IO co-processor

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This allows for the IO co-processor on FMUv1 and FMUv2 to be disabled

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

BRD_SAFETYOPTION: Options for safety button behavior

This controls the activation of the safety button. It allows you to control if the safety button can be used for safety enable and/or disable, and whether the button is only active when disarmed

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 ActiveForSafetyEnable
1 ActiveForSafetyDisable
2 ActiveWhenArmed
3 Force safety on when the aircraft disarms

BRD_VBUS_MIN: Autopilot board voltage requirement

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Minimum voltage on the autopilot power rail to allow the aircraft to arm. 0 to disable the check.

Increment Range Units
0.1 4.0 - 5.5 volt

BRD_VSERVO_MIN: Servo voltage requirement

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Minimum voltage on the servo rail to allow the aircraft to arm. 0 to disable the check.

Increment Range Units
0.1 3.3 - 12.0 volt

BRD_SD_SLOWDOWN: microSD slowdown

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is a scaling factor to slow down microSD operation. It can be used on flight board and microSD card combinations where full speed is not reliable. For normal full speed operation a value of 0 should be used.

Increment Range
1 0 - 32

BRD_PWM_VOLT_SEL: Set PWM Out Voltage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the voltage max for PWM output pulses. 0 for 3.3V and 1 for 5V output.

Values
Value Meaning
0 3.3V
1 5V

BRD_OPTIONS: Board options

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Board specific option flags

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Enable hardware watchdog

BRD_BOOT_DELAY: Boot delay

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This adds a delay in milliseconds to boot to ensure peripherals initialise fully

Range Units
0 - 10000 milliseconds

BRD_IMUHEAT_P: IMU Heater P gain

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

IMU Heater P gain

Increment Range
1 1 - 500

BRD_IMUHEAT_I: IMU Heater I gain

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

IMU Heater integrator gain

Increment Range
0.1 0 - 1

BRD_IMUHEAT_IMAX: IMU Heater IMAX

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

IMU Heater integrator maximum

Increment Range
1 0 - 100

BRD_ALT_CONFIG: Alternative HW config

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Select an alternative hardware configuration. A value of zero selects the default configuration for this board. Other values are board specific. Please see the documentation for your board for details on any alternative configuration values that may be available.

Increment Range RebootRequired
1 0 - 10 True

BRD_RADIO Parameters

BRD_RADIO_TYPE: Set type of direct attached radio

This enables support for direct attached radio receivers

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 CYRF6936
2 CC2500
3 BK2425

BRD_RADIO_PROT: protocol

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Select air protocol

Values
Value Meaning
0 Auto
1 DSM2
2 DSMX

BRD_RADIO_DEBUG: debug level

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

radio debug level

Range
0 - 4

BRD_RADIO_DISCRC: disable receive CRC

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

disable receive CRC (for debug)

Values
Value Meaning
0 NotDisabled
1 Disabled

BRD_RADIO_SIGCH: RSSI signal strength

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Channel to show receive RSSI signal strength, or zero for disabled

Range
0 - 16

BRD_RADIO_PPSCH: Packet rate channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Channel to show received packet-per-second rate, or zero for disabled

Range
0 - 16

BRD_RADIO_TELEM: Enable telemetry

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If this is non-zero then telemetry packets will be sent over DSM

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

BRD_RADIO_TXPOW: Telemetry Transmit power

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Set telemetry transmit power. This is the power level (from 1 to 8) for telemetry packets sent from the RX to the TX

Range
1 - 8

BRD_RADIO_FCCTST: Put radio into FCC test mode

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If this is enabled then the radio will continuously transmit as required for FCC testing. The transmit channel is set by the value of the parameter. The radio will not work for RC input while this is enabled

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 MinChannel
2 MidChannel
3 MaxChannel
4 MinChannelCW
5 MidChannelCW
6 MaxChannelCW

BRD_RADIO_STKMD: Stick input mode

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This selects between different stick input modes. The default is mode2, which has throttle on the left stick and pitch on the right stick. You can instead set mode1, which has throttle on the right stick and pitch on the left stick.

Values
Value Meaning
1 Mode1
2 Mode2

BRD_RADIO_TESTCH: Set radio to factory test channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the radio to a fixed test channel for factory testing. Using a fixed channel avoids the need for binding in factory testing.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 TestChan1
2 TestChan2
3 TestChan3
4 TestChan4
5 TestChan5
6 TestChan6
7 TestChan7
8 TestChan8

BRD_RADIO_TSIGCH: RSSI value channel for telemetry data on transmitter

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Channel to show telemetry RSSI value as received by TX

Range
0 - 16

BRD_RADIO_TPPSCH: Telemetry PPS channel

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Channel to show telemetry packets-per-second value, as received at TX

Range
0 - 16

BRD_RADIO_TXMAX: Transmitter transmit power

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Set transmitter maximum transmit power (from 1 to 8)

Range
1 - 8

BRD_RADIO_BZOFS: Transmitter buzzer adjustment

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Set transmitter buzzer note adjustment (adjust frequency up)

Range
0 - 40

BRD_RADIO_ABTIME: Auto-bind time

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

When non-zero this sets the time with no transmitter packets before we start looking for auto-bind packets.

Range
0 - 120

BRD_RADIO_ABLVL: Auto-bind level

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the minimum RSSI of an auto-bind packet for it to be accepted. This should be set so that auto-bind will only happen at short range to minimise the change of an auto-bind happening accidentially

Range
0 - 31

BRD_RTC Parameters

BRD_RTC_TYPES: Allowed sources of RTC time

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Specifies which sources of UTC time will be accepted

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 GPS
1 MAVLINK_SYSTEM_TIME
2 HW

BRD_RTC_TZ_MIN: Timezone offset from UTC

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Adds offset in +- minutes from UTC to calculate local time

Range
-720 - +840

BTN_ Parameters

BTN_ENABLE: Enable button reporting

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables the button checking module. When this is disabled the parameters for setting button inputs are not visible

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

BTN_PIN1: First button Pin

Digital pin number for first button input.

Values
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
50 AUXOUT1
51 AUXOUT2
52 AUXOUT3
53 AUXOUT4
54 AUXOUT5
55 AUXOUT6

BTN_PIN2: Second button Pin

Digital pin number for second button input.

Values
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
50 AUXOUT1
51 AUXOUT2
52 AUXOUT3
53 AUXOUT4
54 AUXOUT5
55 AUXOUT6

BTN_PIN3: Third button Pin

Digital pin number for third button input.

Values
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
50 AUXOUT1
51 AUXOUT2
52 AUXOUT3
53 AUXOUT4
54 AUXOUT5
55 AUXOUT6

BTN_PIN4: Fourth button Pin

Digital pin number for fourth button input.

Values
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
50 AUXOUT1
51 AUXOUT2
52 AUXOUT3
53 AUXOUT4
54 AUXOUT5
55 AUXOUT6

BTN_REPORT_SEND: Report send time

The duration in seconds that a BUTTON_CHANGE report is repeatedly sent to the GCS regarding a button changing state. Note that the BUTTON_CHANGE message is MAVLink2 only.

Range
0 - 3600

CAM_ Parameters

CAM_TRIGG_TYPE: Camera shutter (trigger) type

how to trigger the camera to take a picture

Values
Value Meaning
0 Servo
1 Relay
2 GoPro in Solo Gimbal

CAM_DURATION: Duration that shutter is held open

How long the shutter will be held open in 10ths of a second (i.e. enter 10 for 1second, 50 for 5seconds)

Range Units
0 - 50 deciseconds

CAM_SERVO_ON: Servo ON PWM value

PWM value in microseconds to move servo to when shutter is activated

Range Units
1000 - 2000 PWM in microseconds

CAM_SERVO_OFF: Servo OFF PWM value

PWM value in microseconds to move servo to when shutter is deactivated

Range Units
1000 - 2000 PWM in microseconds

CAM_TRIGG_DIST: Camera trigger distance

Distance in meters between camera triggers. If this value is non-zero then the camera will trigger whenever the GPS position changes by this number of meters regardless of what mode the APM is in. Note that this parameter can also be set in an auto mission using the DO_SET_CAM_TRIGG_DIST command, allowing you to enable/disable the triggering of the camera during the flight.

Range Units
0 - 1000 meters

CAM_RELAY_ON: Relay ON value

This sets whether the relay goes high or low when it triggers. Note that you should also set RELAY_DEFAULT appropriately for your camera

Values
Value Meaning
0 Low
1 High

CAM_MIN_INTERVAL: Minimum time between photos

Postpone shooting if previous picture was taken less than preset time(ms) ago.

Range Units
0 - 10000 milliseconds

CAM_MAX_ROLL: Maximum photo roll angle.

Postpone shooting if roll is greater than limit. (0=Disable, will shoot regardless of roll).

Range Units
0 - 180 degrees

CAM_FEEDBACK_PIN: Camera feedback pin

pin number to use for save accurate camera feedback messages. If set to -1 then don’t use a pin flag for this, otherwise this is a pin number which if held high after a picture trigger order, will save camera messages when camera really takes a picture. A universal camera hot shoe is needed. The pin should be held high for at least 2 milliseconds for reliable trigger detection. See also the CAM_FEEDBACK_POL option.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
50 AUX1
51 AUX2
52 AUX3
53 AUX4
54 AUX5
55 AUX6

CAM_FEEDBACK_POL: Camera feedback pin polarity

Polarity for feedback pin. If this is 1 then the feedback pin should go high on trigger. If set to 0 then it should go low

Values
Value Meaning
0 TriggerLow
1 TriggerHigh

CAM_AUTO_ONLY: Distance-trigging in AUTO mode only

When enabled, trigging by distance is done in AUTO mode only.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Always
1 Only when in AUTO

CAM_TYPE: Type of camera (0: None, 1: BMMCC)

Set the camera type that is being used, certain cameras have custom functions that need further configuration, this enables that.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Default
1 BMMCC

CAM_RC_ Parameters

CAM_RC_TYPE: RunCam device type

RunCam deviee type used to determine OSD menu structure and shutter options.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 RunCam Split Micro/RunCam with UART
2 RunCam Split

CAM_RC_FEATURES: RunCam features available

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The available features of the attached RunCam device. If 0 then the RunCam device will be queried for the features it supports, otherwise this setting is used.

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Power Button
1 WiFi Button
2 Change Mode
3 5-Key OSD
4 Settings Access
5 DisplayPort
6 Start Recording
7 Stop Recording

CAM_RC_BT_DELAY: RunCam boot delay before allowing updates

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Time it takes for the RunCam to become fully ready in ms. If this is too short then commands can get out of sync.

CAM_RC_BTN_DELAY: RunCam button delay before allowing further button presses

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Time it takes for the a RunCam button press to be actived in ms. If this is too short then commands can get out of sync.

CAM_RC_MDE_DELAY: RunCam mode delay before allowing further button presses

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Time it takes for the a RunCam mode button press to be actived in ms. If a mode change first requires a video recording change then double this value is used. If this is too short then commands can get out of sync.

CAM_RC_CONTROL: RunCam control option

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Specifies the allowed actions required to enter the OSD menu

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 Stick yaw right
1 Stick roll right
2 3-position switch
3 2-position switch
4 Autorecording enabled

CAN_D1_ Parameters

CAN_D1_PROTOCOL: Enable use of specific protocol over virtual driver

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enabling this option starts selected protocol that will use this virtual driver

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 UAVCAN
2 KDECAN
3 ToshibaCAN
4 PiccoloCAN

CAN_D1_KDE_ Parameters

CAN_D1_KDE_NPOLE: Number of motor poles

Sets the number of motor poles to calculate the correct RPM value

CAN_D1_UC_ Parameters

CAN_D1_UC_NODE: UAVCAN node that is used for this network

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

UAVCAN node should be set implicitly

Range
1 - 250

CAN_D1_UC_SRV_BM: RC Out channels to be transmitted as servo over UAVCAN

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask with one set for channel to be transmitted as a servo command over UAVCAN

Bitmask
0: Servo 1, 1: Servo 2, 2: Servo 3, 3: Servo 4, 4: Servo 5, 5: Servo 6, 6: Servo 7, 7: Servo 8, 8: Servo 9, 9: Servo 10, 10: Servo 11, 11: Servo 12, 12: Servo 13, 13: Servo 14, 14: Servo 15

CAN_D1_UC_ESC_BM: RC Out channels to be transmitted as ESC over UAVCAN

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask with one set for channel to be transmitted as a ESC command over UAVCAN

Bitmask
0: ESC 1, 1: ESC 2, 2: ESC 3, 3: ESC 4, 4: ESC 5, 5: ESC 6, 6: ESC 7, 7: ESC 8, 8: ESC 9, 9: ESC 10, 10: ESC 11, 11: ESC 12, 12: ESC 13, 13: ESC 14, 14: ESC 15, 15: ESC 16

CAN_D1_UC_SRV_RT: Servo output rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Maximum transmit rate for servo outputs

Range Units
1 - 200 hertz

CAN_D2_ Parameters

CAN_D2_PROTOCOL: Enable use of specific protocol over virtual driver

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enabling this option starts selected protocol that will use this virtual driver

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 UAVCAN
2 KDECAN
3 ToshibaCAN
4 PiccoloCAN

CAN_D2_KDE_ Parameters

CAN_D2_KDE_NPOLE: Number of motor poles

Sets the number of motor poles to calculate the correct RPM value

CAN_D2_UC_ Parameters

CAN_D2_UC_NODE: UAVCAN node that is used for this network

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

UAVCAN node should be set implicitly

Range
1 - 250

CAN_D2_UC_SRV_BM: RC Out channels to be transmitted as servo over UAVCAN

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask with one set for channel to be transmitted as a servo command over UAVCAN

Bitmask
0: Servo 1, 1: Servo 2, 2: Servo 3, 3: Servo 4, 4: Servo 5, 5: Servo 6, 6: Servo 7, 7: Servo 8, 8: Servo 9, 9: Servo 10, 10: Servo 11, 11: Servo 12, 12: Servo 13, 13: Servo 14, 14: Servo 15

CAN_D2_UC_ESC_BM: RC Out channels to be transmitted as ESC over UAVCAN

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask with one set for channel to be transmitted as a ESC command over UAVCAN

Bitmask
0: ESC 1, 1: ESC 2, 2: ESC 3, 3: ESC 4, 4: ESC 5, 5: ESC 6, 6: ESC 7, 7: ESC 8, 8: ESC 9, 9: ESC 10, 10: ESC 11, 11: ESC 12, 12: ESC 13, 13: ESC 14, 14: ESC 15, 15: ESC 16

CAN_D2_UC_SRV_RT: Servo output rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Maximum transmit rate for servo outputs

Range Units
1 - 200 hertz

CAN_D3_ Parameters

CAN_D3_PROTOCOL: Enable use of specific protocol over virtual driver

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enabling this option starts selected protocol that will use this virtual driver

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 UAVCAN
2 KDECAN
3 ToshibaCAN
4 PiccoloCAN

CAN_D3_KDE_ Parameters

CAN_D3_KDE_NPOLE: Number of motor poles

Sets the number of motor poles to calculate the correct RPM value

CAN_D3_UC_ Parameters

CAN_D3_UC_NODE: UAVCAN node that is used for this network

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

UAVCAN node should be set implicitly

Range
1 - 250

CAN_D3_UC_SRV_BM: RC Out channels to be transmitted as servo over UAVCAN

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask with one set for channel to be transmitted as a servo command over UAVCAN

Bitmask
0: Servo 1, 1: Servo 2, 2: Servo 3, 3: Servo 4, 4: Servo 5, 5: Servo 6, 6: Servo 7, 7: Servo 8, 8: Servo 9, 9: Servo 10, 10: Servo 11, 11: Servo 12, 12: Servo 13, 13: Servo 14, 14: Servo 15

CAN_D3_UC_ESC_BM: RC Out channels to be transmitted as ESC over UAVCAN

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bitmask with one set for channel to be transmitted as a ESC command over UAVCAN

Bitmask
0: ESC 1, 1: ESC 2, 2: ESC 3, 3: ESC 4, 4: ESC 5, 5: ESC 6, 6: ESC 7, 7: ESC 8, 8: ESC 9, 9: ESC 10, 10: ESC 11, 11: ESC 12, 12: ESC 13, 13: ESC 14, 14: ESC 15, 15: ESC 16

CAN_D3_UC_SRV_RT: Servo output rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Maximum transmit rate for servo outputs

Range Units
1 - 200 hertz

CAN_P1_ Parameters

CAN_P1_DRIVER: Index of virtual driver to be used with physical CAN interface

Enabling this option enables use of CAN buses.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 First driver
2 Second driver

CAN_P1_BITRATE: Bitrate of CAN interface

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bit rate can be set up to from 10000 to 1000000

Range
10000 - 1000000

CAN_P1_DEBUG: Level of debug for CAN devices

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enabling this option will provide debug messages

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Major messages
2 All messages

CAN_P2_ Parameters

CAN_P2_DRIVER: Index of virtual driver to be used with physical CAN interface

Enabling this option enables use of CAN buses.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 First driver
2 Second driver

CAN_P2_BITRATE: Bitrate of CAN interface

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bit rate can be set up to from 10000 to 1000000

Range
10000 - 1000000

CAN_P2_DEBUG: Level of debug for CAN devices

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enabling this option will provide debug messages

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Major messages
2 All messages

CAN_P3_ Parameters

CAN_P3_DRIVER: Index of virtual driver to be used with physical CAN interface

Enabling this option enables use of CAN buses.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 First driver
2 Second driver

CAN_P3_BITRATE: Bitrate of CAN interface

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Bit rate can be set up to from 10000 to 1000000

Range
10000 - 1000000

CAN_P3_DEBUG: Level of debug for CAN devices

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enabling this option will provide debug messages

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Major messages
2 All messages

CAN_SLCAN_ Parameters

CAN_SLCAN_CPORT: SLCAN Route

CAN Driver ID to be routed to SLCAN, 0 means no routing

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 First driver
2 Second driver

CAN_SLCAN_SERNUM: SLCAN Serial Port

Serial Port ID to be used for temporary SLCAN iface, -1 means no temporary serial. This parameter is automatically reset on reboot or on timeout. See CAN_SLCAN_TIMOUT for timeout details

Values
Value Meaning
-1 Disabled
0 Serial0
1 Serial1
2 Serial2
3 Serial3
4 Serial4
5 Serial5
6 Serial6

CAN_SLCAN_TIMOUT: SLCAN Timeout

Duration of inactivity after which SLCAN is switched back to original protocol in seconds.

Range
0 - 32767

CHUTE_ Parameters

CHUTE_ENABLED: Parachute release enabled or disabled

Parachute release enabled or disabled

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

CHUTE_TYPE: Parachute release mechanism type (relay or servo)

Parachute release mechanism type (relay or servo)

Values
Value Meaning
0 First Relay
1 Second Relay
2 Third Relay
3 Fourth Relay
10 Servo

CHUTE_SERVO_ON: Parachute Servo ON PWM value

Parachute Servo PWM value in microseconds when parachute is released

Increment Range Units
1 1000 - 2000 PWM in microseconds

CHUTE_SERVO_OFF: Servo OFF PWM value

Parachute Servo PWM value in microseconds when parachute is not released

Increment Range Units
1 1000 - 2000 PWM in microseconds

CHUTE_ALT_MIN: Parachute min altitude in meters above home

Parachute min altitude above home. Parachute will not be released below this altitude. 0 to disable alt check.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 32000 meters

CHUTE_DELAY_MS: Parachute release delay

Delay in millseconds between motor stop and chute release

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 5000 milliseconds

CHUTE_CRT_SINK: Critical sink speed rate in m/s to trigger emergency parachute

Release parachute when critical sink rate is reached

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 15 meters per second

COMPASS_ Parameters

COMPASS_OFS_X: Compass offsets in milligauss on the X axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to the compass x-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_OFS_Y: Compass offsets in milligauss on the Y axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to the compass y-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_OFS_Z: Compass offsets in milligauss on the Z axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to the compass z-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Increment Range Units
1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_DEC: Compass declination

An angle to compensate between the true north and magnetic north

Increment Range Units
0.01 -3.142 - 3.142 radians

COMPASS_LEARN: Learn compass offsets automatically

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable or disable the automatic learning of compass offsets. You can enable learning either using a compass-only method that is suitable only for fixed wing aircraft or using the offsets learnt by the active EKF state estimator. If this option is enabled then the learnt offsets are saved when you disarm the vehicle. If InFlight learning is enabled then the compass with automatically start learning once a flight starts (must be armed). While InFlight learning is running you cannot use position control modes.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Internal-Learning
2 EKF-Learning
3 InFlight-Learning

COMPASS_USE: Use compass for yaw

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable or disable the use of the compass (instead of the GPS) for determining heading

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

COMPASS_AUTODEC: Auto Declination

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable or disable the automatic calculation of the declination based on gps location

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

COMPASS_MOTCT: Motor interference compensation type

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Set motor interference compensation type to disabled, throttle or current. Do not change manually.

Calibration Values
1
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Use Throttle
2 Use Current

COMPASS_MOT_X: Motor interference compensation for body frame X axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to the compass’s x-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_MOT_Y: Motor interference compensation for body frame Y axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to the compass’s y-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_MOT_Z: Motor interference compensation for body frame Z axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to the compass’s z-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Increment Range Units
1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_ORIENT: Compass orientation

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The orientation of the first external compass relative to the vehicle frame. This value will be ignored unless this compass is set as an external compass. When set correctly in the northern hemisphere, pointing the nose and right side down should increase the MagX and MagY values respectively. Rolling the vehicle upside down should decrease the MagZ value. For southern hemisphere, switch increase and decrease. NOTE: For internal compasses, AHRS_ORIENT is used.

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Yaw45
2 Yaw90
3 Yaw135
4 Yaw180
5 Yaw225
6 Yaw270
7 Yaw315
8 Roll180
9 Roll180Yaw45
10 Roll180Yaw90
11 Roll180Yaw135
12 Pitch180
13 Roll180Yaw225
14 Roll180Yaw270
15 Roll180Yaw315
16 Roll90
17 Roll90Yaw45
18 Roll90Yaw90
19 Roll90Yaw135
20 Roll270
21 Roll270Yaw45
22 Roll270Yaw90
23 Roll270Yaw135
24 Pitch90
25 Pitch270
26 Pitch180Yaw90
27 Pitch180Yaw270
28 Roll90Pitch90
29 Roll180Pitch90
30 Roll270Pitch90
31 Roll90Pitch180
32 Roll270Pitch180
33 Roll90Pitch270
34 Roll180Pitch270
35 Roll270Pitch270
36 Roll90Pitch180Yaw90
37 Roll90Yaw270
38 Yaw293Pitch68Roll180
39 Pitch315
40 Roll90Pitch315
100 Custom

COMPASS_EXTERNAL: Compass is attached via an external cable

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Configure compass so it is attached externally. This is auto-detected on PX4 and Pixhawk. Set to 1 if the compass is externally connected. When externally connected the COMPASS_ORIENT option operates independently of the AHRS_ORIENTATION board orientation option. If set to 0 or 1 then auto-detection by bus connection can override the value. If set to 2 then auto-detection will be disabled.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Internal
1 External
2 ForcedExternal

COMPASS_OFS2_X: Compass2 offsets in milligauss on the X axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to compass2’s x-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_OFS2_Y: Compass2 offsets in milligauss on the Y axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to compass2’s y-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_OFS2_Z: Compass2 offsets in milligauss on the Z axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to compass2’s z-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Increment Range Units
1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_MOT2_X: Motor interference compensation to compass2 for body frame X axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to compass2’s x-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_MOT2_Y: Motor interference compensation to compass2 for body frame Y axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to compass2’s y-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_MOT2_Z: Motor interference compensation to compass2 for body frame Z axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to compass2’s z-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Increment Range Units
1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_OFS3_X: Compass3 offsets in milligauss on the X axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to compass3’s x-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_OFS3_Y: Compass3 offsets in milligauss on the Y axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to compass3’s y-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_OFS3_Z: Compass3 offsets in milligauss on the Z axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Offset to be added to compass3’s z-axis values to compensate for metal in the frame

Increment Range Units
1 -400 - 400 milligauss

COMPASS_MOT3_X: Motor interference compensation to compass3 for body frame X axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to compass3’s x-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_MOT3_Y: Motor interference compensation to compass3 for body frame Y axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to compass3’s y-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Calibration Increment Range Units
1 1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_MOT3_Z: Motor interference compensation to compass3 for body frame Z axis

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Multiplied by the current throttle and added to compass3’s z-axis values to compensate for motor interference (Offset per Amp or at Full Throttle)

Increment Range Units
1 -1000 - 1000 milligauss per ampere

COMPASS_DEV_ID: Compass device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compass device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_DEV_ID2: Compass2 device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Second compass’s device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_DEV_ID3: Compass3 device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Third compass’s device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_USE2: Compass2 used for yaw

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable or disable the secondary compass for determining heading.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

COMPASS_ORIENT2: Compass2 orientation

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The orientation of a second external compass relative to the vehicle frame. This value will be ignored unless this compass is set as an external compass. When set correctly in the northern hemisphere, pointing the nose and right side down should increase the MagX and MagY values respectively. Rolling the vehicle upside down should decrease the MagZ value. For southern hemisphere, switch increase and decrease. NOTE: For internal compasses, AHRS_ORIENT is used.

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Yaw45
2 Yaw90
3 Yaw135
4 Yaw180
5 Yaw225
6 Yaw270
7 Yaw315
8 Roll180
9 Roll180Yaw45
10 Roll180Yaw90
11 Roll180Yaw135
12 Pitch180
13 Roll180Yaw225
14 Roll180Yaw270
15 Roll180Yaw315
16 Roll90
17 Roll90Yaw45
18 Roll90Yaw90
19 Roll90Yaw135
20 Roll270
21 Roll270Yaw45
22 Roll270Yaw90
23 Roll270Yaw135
24 Pitch90
25 Pitch270
26 Pitch180Yaw90
27 Pitch180Yaw270
28 Roll90Pitch90
29 Roll180Pitch90
30 Roll270Pitch90
31 Roll90Pitch180
32 Roll270Pitch180
33 Roll90Pitch270
34 Roll180Pitch270
35 Roll270Pitch270
36 Roll90Pitch180Yaw90
37 Roll90Yaw270
38 Yaw293Pitch68Roll180
39 Pitch315
40 Roll90Pitch315
100 Custom

COMPASS_EXTERN2: Compass2 is attached via an external cable

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Configure second compass so it is attached externally. This is auto-detected on PX4 and Pixhawk. If set to 0 or 1 then auto-detection by bus connection can override the value. If set to 2 then auto-detection will be disabled.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Internal
1 External
2 ForcedExternal

COMPASS_USE3: Compass3 used for yaw

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Enable or disable the tertiary compass for determining heading.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

COMPASS_ORIENT3: Compass3 orientation

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The orientation of a third external compass relative to the vehicle frame. This value will be ignored unless this compass is set as an external compass. When set correctly in the northern hemisphere, pointing the nose and right side down should increase the MagX and MagY values respectively. Rolling the vehicle upside down should decrease the MagZ value. For southern hemisphere, switch increase and decrease. NOTE: For internal compasses, AHRS_ORIENT is used.

Values
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Yaw45
2 Yaw90
3 Yaw135
4 Yaw180
5 Yaw225
6 Yaw270
7 Yaw315
8 Roll180
9 Roll180Yaw45
10 Roll180Yaw90
11 Roll180Yaw135
12 Pitch180
13 Roll180Yaw225
14 Roll180Yaw270
15 Roll180Yaw315
16 Roll90
17 Roll90Yaw45
18 Roll90Yaw90
19 Roll90Yaw135
20 Roll270
21 Roll270Yaw45
22 Roll270Yaw90
23 Roll270Yaw135
24 Pitch90
25 Pitch270
26 Pitch180Yaw90
27 Pitch180Yaw270
28 Roll90Pitch90
29 Roll180Pitch90
30 Roll270Pitch90
31 Roll90Pitch180
32 Roll270Pitch180
33 Roll90Pitch270
34 Roll180Pitch270
35 Roll270Pitch270
36 Roll90Pitch180Yaw90
37 Roll90Yaw270
38 Yaw293Pitch68Roll180
39 Pitch315
40 Roll90Pitch315
100 Custom

COMPASS_EXTERN3: Compass3 is attached via an external cable

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Configure third compass so it is attached externally. This is auto-detected on PX4 and Pixhawk. If set to 0 or 1 then auto-detection by bus connection can override the value. If set to 2 then auto-detection will be disabled.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Internal
1 External
2 ForcedExternal

COMPASS_DIA_X: Compass soft-iron diagonal X component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_X in the compass soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_DIA_Y: Compass soft-iron diagonal Y component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_Y in the compass soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_DIA_Z: Compass soft-iron diagonal Z component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_Z in the compass soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

COMPASS_ODI_X: Compass soft-iron off-diagonal X component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_X in the compass soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_ODI_Y: Compass soft-iron off-diagonal Y component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_Y in the compass soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_ODI_Z: Compass soft-iron off-diagonal Z component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_Z in the compass soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

COMPASS_DIA2_X: Compass2 soft-iron diagonal X component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_X in the compass2 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_DIA2_Y: Compass2 soft-iron diagonal Y component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_Y in the compass2 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_DIA2_Z: Compass2 soft-iron diagonal Z component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_Z in the compass2 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

COMPASS_ODI2_X: Compass2 soft-iron off-diagonal X component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_X in the compass2 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_ODI2_Y: Compass2 soft-iron off-diagonal Y component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_Y in the compass2 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_ODI2_Z: Compass2 soft-iron off-diagonal Z component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_Z in the compass2 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

COMPASS_DIA3_X: Compass3 soft-iron diagonal X component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_X in the compass3 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_DIA3_Y: Compass3 soft-iron diagonal Y component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_Y in the compass3 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_DIA3_Z: Compass3 soft-iron diagonal Z component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

DIA_Z in the compass3 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

COMPASS_ODI3_X: Compass3 soft-iron off-diagonal X component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_X in the compass3 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_ODI3_Y: Compass3 soft-iron off-diagonal Y component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_Y in the compass3 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

Calibration
1

COMPASS_ODI3_Z: Compass3 soft-iron off-diagonal Z component

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

ODI_Z in the compass3 soft-iron calibration matrix: [[DIA_X, ODI_X, ODI_Y], [ODI_X, DIA_Y, ODI_Z], [ODI_Y, ODI_Z, DIA_Z]]

COMPASS_CAL_FIT: Compass calibration fitness

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the fitness level required for a successful compass calibration. A lower value makes for a stricter fit (less likely to pass). This is the value used for the primary magnetometer. Other magnetometers get double the value.

Increment Range Values
0.1 4 - 32
Value Meaning
4 Very Strict
8 Strict
16 Default
32 Relaxed

COMPASS_OFFS_MAX: Compass maximum offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the maximum allowed compass offset in calibration and arming checks

Increment Range
1 500 - 3000

COMPASS_TYPEMASK: Compass disable driver type mask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is a bitmask of driver types to disable. If a driver type is set in this mask then that driver will not try to find a sensor at startup

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 HMC5883
1 LSM303D
2 AK8963
3 BMM150
4 LSM9DS1
5 LIS3MDL
6 AK09916
7 IST8310
8 ICM20948
9 MMC3416
11 UAVCAN
12 QMC5883
14 MAG3110
15 IST8308

COMPASS_FLTR_RNG: Range in which sample is accepted

This sets the range around the average value that new samples must be within to be accepted. This can help reduce the impact of noise on sensors that are on long I2C cables. The value is a percentage from the average value. A value of zero disables this filter.

Increment Range Units
1 0 - 100 percent

COMPASS_AUTO_ROT: Automatically check orientation

When enabled this will automatically check the orientation of compasses on successful completion of compass calibration. If set to 2 then external compasses will have their orientation automatically corrected.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 CheckOnly
2 CheckAndFix

COMPASS_PRIO1_ID: Compass device id with 1st order priority

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compass device id with 1st order priority, set automatically if 0. Reboot required after change.

RebootRequired
True

COMPASS_PRIO2_ID: Compass device id with 2nd order priority

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compass device id with 2nd order priority, set automatically if 0. Reboot required after change.

RebootRequired
True

COMPASS_PRIO3_ID: Compass device id with 3rd order priority

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compass device id with 3rd order priority, set automatically if 0. Reboot required after change.

RebootRequired
True

COMPASS_ENABLE: Enable Compass

Setting this to Enabled(1) will enable the compass. Setting this to Disabled(0) will disable the compass. Note that this is separate from COMPASS_USE. This will enable the low level senor, and will enable logging of magnetometer data. To use the compass for navigation you must also set COMPASS_USE to 1.

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

COMPASS_SCALE: Compass1 scale factor

Scaling factor for first compass to compensate for sensor scaling errors. If this is 0 then no scaling is done

Range
0 - 1.3

COMPASS_SCALE2: Compass2 scale factor

Scaling factor for 2nd compass to compensate for sensor scaling errors. If this is 0 then no scaling is done

Range
0 - 1.3

COMPASS_SCALE3: Compass3 scale factor

Scaling factor for 3rd compass to compensate for sensor scaling errors. If this is 0 then no scaling is done

Range
0 - 1.3

COMPASS_OPTIONS: Compass options

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets options to change the behaviour of the compass

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 CalRequireGPS

COMPASS_DEV_ID4: Compass4 device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Extra 4th compass’s device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_DEV_ID5: Compass5 device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Extra 5th compass’s device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_DEV_ID6: Compass6 device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Extra 6th compass’s device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_DEV_ID7: Compass7 device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Extra 7th compass’s device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_DEV_ID8: Compass8 device id

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Extra 8th compass’s device id. Automatically detected, do not set manually

ReadOnly
True

COMPASS_CUS_ROLL: Custom orientation roll offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compass mounting position roll offset. Positive values = roll right, negative values = roll left. This parameter is only used when COMPASS_ORIENT/2/3 is set to CUSTOM.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
1 -180 - 180 True degrees

COMPASS_CUS_PIT: Custom orientation pitch offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compass mounting position pitch offset. Positive values = pitch up, negative values = pitch down. This parameter is only used when COMPASS_ORIENT/2/3 is set to CUSTOM.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
1 -180 - 180 True degrees

COMPASS_CUS_YAW: Custom orientation yaw offset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compass mounting position yaw offset. Positive values = yaw right, negative values = yaw left. This parameter is only used when COMPASS_ORIENT/2/3 is set to CUSTOM.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
1 -180 - 180 True degrees

COMPASS_PMOT Parameters

COMPASS_PMOT_EN: per-motor compass correction enable

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables per-motor compass corrections

Values
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

COMPASS_PMOT_EXP: per-motor exponential correction

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the exponential correction for the power output of the motor for per-motor compass correction

Increment Range
0.01 0 - 2

COMPASS_PMOT1_X: Compass per-motor1 X

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for X axis of motor1

COMPASS_PMOT1_Y: Compass per-motor1 Y

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Y axis of motor1

COMPASS_PMOT1_Z: Compass per-motor1 Z

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Z axis of motor1

COMPASS_PMOT2_X: Compass per-motor2 X

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for X axis of motor2

COMPASS_PMOT2_Y: Compass per-motor2 Y

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Y axis of motor2

COMPASS_PMOT2_Z: Compass per-motor2 Z

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Z axis of motor2

COMPASS_PMOT3_X: Compass per-motor3 X

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for X axis of motor3

COMPASS_PMOT3_Y: Compass per-motor3 Y

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Y axis of motor3

COMPASS_PMOT3_Z: Compass per-motor3 Z

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Z axis of motor3

COMPASS_PMOT4_X: Compass per-motor4 X

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for X axis of motor4

COMPASS_PMOT4_Y: Compass per-motor4 Y

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Y axis of motor4

COMPASS_PMOT4_Z: Compass per-motor4 Z

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Compensation for Z axis of motor4

EFI Parameters

EFI_TYPE: EFI communication type

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

What method of communication is used for EFI #1

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Serial-MS

EFI_COEF1: EFI Calibration Coefficient 1

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to calibrate fuel flow for MS protocol (Slope)

Range RebootRequired
0 - 1 False

EFI_COEF2: EFI Calibration Coefficient 2

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Used to calibrate fuel flow for MS protocol (Offset)

Range RebootRequired
0 - 10 False

EK2_ Parameters

EK2_ENABLE: Enable EKF2

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables EKF2. Enabling EKF2 only makes the maths run, it does not mean it will be used for flight control. To use it for flight control set AHRS_EKF_TYPE=2. A reboot or restart will need to be performed after changing the value of EK2_ENABLE for it to take effect.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

EK2_GPS_TYPE: GPS mode control

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls use of GPS measurements : 0 = use 3D velocity & 2D position, 1 = use 2D velocity and 2D position, 2 = use 2D position, 3 = Inhibit GPS use - this can be useful when flying with an optical flow sensor in an environment where GPS quality is poor and subject to large multipath errors.

Values
Value Meaning
0 GPS 3D Vel and 2D Pos
1 GPS 2D vel and 2D pos
2 GPS 2D pos
3 No GPS

EK2_VELNE_M_NSE: GPS horizontal velocity measurement noise (m/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets a lower limit on the speed accuracy reported by the GPS receiver that is used to set horizontal velocity observation noise. If the model of receiver used does not provide a speed accurcy estimate, then the parameter value will be used. Increasing it reduces the weighting of the GPS horizontal velocity measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.05 0.05 - 5.0 meters per second

EK2_VELD_M_NSE: GPS vertical velocity measurement noise (m/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets a lower limit on the speed accuracy reported by the GPS receiver that is used to set vertical velocity observation noise. If the model of receiver used does not provide a speed accurcy estimate, then the parameter value will be used. Increasing it reduces the weighting of the GPS vertical velocity measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.05 0.05 - 5.0 meters per second

EK2_VEL_I_GATE: GPS velocity innovation gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the GPS velocity measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements willbe rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_POSNE_M_NSE: GPS horizontal position measurement noise (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the GPS horizontal position or external navigation system position observation noise. Increasing it reduces the weighting of GPS horizontal position or external navigation system position measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.1 - 10.0 meters

EK2_POS_I_GATE: GPS position measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the GPS position measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_GLITCH_RAD: GPS glitch radius gate size (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the maximum radial uncertainty in position between the value predicted by the filter and the value measured by the GPS before the filter position and velocity states are reset to the GPS. Making this value larger allows the filter to ignore larger GPS glitches but also means that non-GPS errors such as IMU and compass can create a larger error in position before the filter is forced back to the GPS position.

Increment Range Units
5 10 - 100 meters

EK2_ALT_SOURCE: Primary altitude sensor source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Primary height sensor used by the EKF. If the selected option cannot be used, baro is used. 1 uses the range finder and only with optical flow navigation (EK2_GPS_TYPE = 3), Do not use “1” for terrain following. NOTE: the EK2_RNG_USE_HGT parameter can be used to switch to range-finder when close to the ground.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Use Baro
1 Use Range Finder
2 Use GPS
3 Use Range Beacon

EK2_ALT_M_NSE: Altitude measurement noise (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in the altitude measurement. Increasing it reduces the weighting of the baro measurement and will make the filter respond more slowly to baro measurement errors, but will make it more sensitive to GPS and accelerometer errors.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.1 - 10.0 meters

EK2_HGT_I_GATE: Height measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the height measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_HGT_DELAY: Height measurement delay (msec)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the number of msec that the Height measurements lag behind the inertial measurements.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
10 0 - 250 True milliseconds

EK2_MAG_M_NSE: Magnetometer measurement noise (Gauss)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in magnetometer measurements. Increasing it reduces the weighting on these measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.01 0.01 - 0.5 gauss

EK2_MAG_CAL: Magnetometer default fusion mode

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This determines when the filter will use the 3-axis magnetometer fusion model that estimates both earth and body fixed magnetic field states, when it will use a simpler magnetic heading fusion model that does not use magnetic field states and when it will use an alternative method of yaw determination to the magnetometer. The 3-axis magnetometer fusion is only suitable for use when the external magnetic field environment is stable. EK3_MAG_CAL = 0 uses heading fusion on ground, 3-axis fusion in-flight, and is the default setting for Plane users. EK3_MAG_CAL = 1 uses 3-axis fusion only when manoeuvring. EK3_MAG_CAL = 2 uses heading fusion at all times, is recommended if the external magnetic field is varying and is the default for rovers. EK3_MAG_CAL = 3 uses heading fusion on the ground and 3-axis fusion after the first in-air field and yaw reset has completed, and is the default for copters. EK3_MAG_CAL = 4 uses 3-axis fusion at all times. NOTE: The fusion mode can be forced to 2 for specific EKF cores using the EK2_MAG_MASK parameter. NOTE: limited operation without a magnetometer or any other yaw sensor is possible by setting the COMPASS_USE parameters to 0. If this is done, the EK2_GSF_RUN and EK2_GSF_USE masks must be set to the same as EK3_IMU_MASK.

Values
Value Meaning
0 When flying
1 When manoeuvring
2 Never
3 After first climb yaw reset
4 Always

EK2_MAG_I_GATE: Magnetometer measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the magnetometer measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_EAS_M_NSE: Equivalent airspeed measurement noise (m/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in equivalent airspeed measurements used by planes. Increasing it reduces the weighting of airspeed measurements and will make wind speed estimates less noisy and slower to converge. Increasing also increases navigation errors when dead-reckoning without GPS measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.5 - 5.0 meters per second

EK2_EAS_I_GATE: Airspeed measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the airspeed measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_RNG_M_NSE: Range finder measurement noise (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in the range finder measurement. Increasing it reduces the weighting on this measurement.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.1 - 10.0 meters

EK2_RNG_I_GATE: Range finder measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the range finder innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_MAX_FLOW: Maximum valid optical flow rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the magnitude maximum optical flow rate in rad/sec that will be accepted by the filter

Increment Range Units
0.1 1.0 - 4.0 radians per second

EK2_FLOW_M_NSE: Optical flow measurement noise (rad/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise and errors in optical flow measurements. Increasing it reduces the weighting on these measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.05 0.05 - 1.0 radians per second

EK2_FLOW_I_GATE: Optical Flow measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the optical flow innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_FLOW_DELAY: Optical Flow measurement delay (msec)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the number of msec that the optical flow measurements lag behind the inertial measurements. It is the time from the end of the optical flow averaging period and does not include the time delay due to the 100msec of averaging within the flow sensor.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
10 0 - 127 True milliseconds

EK2_GYRO_P_NSE: Rate gyro noise (rad/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This control disturbance noise controls the growth of estimated error due to gyro measurement errors excluding bias. Increasing it makes the flter trust the gyro measurements less and other measurements more.

Increment Range Units
0.0001 0.0001 - 0.1 radians per second

EK2_ACC_P_NSE: Accelerometer noise (m/s^2)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This control disturbance noise controls the growth of estimated error due to accelerometer measurement errors excluding bias. Increasing it makes the flter trust the accelerometer measurements less and other measurements more.

Increment Range Units
0.01 0.01 - 1.0 meters per square second

EK2_GBIAS_P_NSE: Rate gyro bias stability (rad/s/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This state process noise controls growth of the gyro delta angle bias state error estimate. Increasing it makes rate gyro bias estimation faster and noisier.

Range Units
0.00001 - 0.001 radians per square second

EK2_GSCL_P_NSE: Rate gyro scale factor stability (1/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This noise controls the rate of gyro scale factor learning. Increasing it makes rate gyro scale factor estimation faster and noisier.

Range Units
0.000001 - 0.001 hertz

EK2_ABIAS_P_NSE: Accelerometer bias stability (m/s^3)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This noise controls the growth of the vertical accelerometer delta velocity bias state error estimate. Increasing it makes accelerometer bias estimation faster and noisier.

Range Units
0.00001 - 0.005 meters per cubic second

EK2_WIND_P_NSE: Wind velocity process noise (m/s^2)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This state process noise controls the growth of wind state error estimates. Increasing it makes wind estimation faster and noisier.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.01 - 1.0 meters per square second

EK2_WIND_PSCALE: Height rate to wind process noise scaler

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls how much the process noise on the wind states is increased when gaining or losing altitude to take into account changes in wind speed and direction with altitude. Increasing this parameter increases how rapidly the wind states adapt when changing altitude, but does make wind velocity estimation noiser.

Increment Range
0.1 0.0 - 1.0

EK2_GPS_CHECK: GPS preflight check

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is a 1 byte bitmap controlling which GPS preflight checks are performed. Set to 0 to bypass all checks. Set to 255 perform all checks. Set to 3 to check just the number of satellites and HDoP. Set to 31 for the most rigorous checks that will still allow checks to pass when the copter is moving, eg launch from a boat.

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 NSats
1 HDoP
2 speed error
3 position error
4 yaw error
5 pos drift
6 vert speed
7 horiz speed

EK2_IMU_MASK: Bitmask of active IMUs

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

1 byte bitmap of IMUs to use in EKF2. A separate instance of EKF2 will be started for each IMU selected. Set to 1 to use the first IMU only (default), set to 2 to use the second IMU only, set to 3 to use the first and second IMU. Additional IMU’s can be used up to a maximum of 6 if memory and processing resources permit. There may be insufficient memory and processing resources to run multiple instances. If this occurs EKF2 will fail to start.

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 FirstIMU
1 SecondIMU
2 ThirdIMU
3 FourthIMU
4 FifthIMU
5 SixthIMU
True

EK2_CHECK_SCALE: GPS accuracy check scaler (%)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This scales the thresholds that are used to check GPS accuracy before it is used by the EKF. A value of 100 is the default. Values greater than 100 increase and values less than 100 reduce the maximum GPS error the EKF will accept. A value of 200 will double the allowable GPS error.

Range Units
50 - 200 percent

EK2_NOAID_M_NSE: Non-GPS operation position uncertainty (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the amount of position variation that the EKF allows for when operating without external measurements (eg GPS or optical flow). Increasing this parameter makes the EKF attitude estimate less sensitive to vehicle manoeuvres but more sensitive to IMU errors.

Range Units
0.5 - 50.0 meters

EK2_LOG_MASK: EKF sensor logging IMU mask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the IMU mask of sensors to do full logging for

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 FirstIMU
1 SecondIMU
2 ThirdIMU
3 FourthIMU
4 FifthIMU
5 SixthIMU
True

EK2_YAW_M_NSE: Yaw measurement noise (rad)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in yaw measurements from the magnetometer. Increasing it reduces the weighting on these measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.05 0.05 - 1.0 radians

EK2_YAW_I_GATE: Yaw measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the magnetometer yaw measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_TAU_OUTPUT: Output complementary filter time constant (centi-sec)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Sets the time constant of the output complementary filter/predictor in centi-seconds.

Increment Range Units
5 10 - 50 centiseconds

EK2_MAGE_P_NSE: Earth magnetic field process noise (gauss/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This state process noise controls the growth of earth magnetic field state error estimates. Increasing it makes earth magnetic field estimation faster and noisier.

Range Units
0.00001 - 0.01 gauss per second

EK2_MAGB_P_NSE: Body magnetic field process noise (gauss/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This state process noise controls the growth of body magnetic field state error estimates. Increasing it makes magnetometer bias error estimation faster and noisier.

Range Units
0.00001 - 0.01 gauss per second

EK2_RNG_USE_HGT: Range finder switch height percentage

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Range finder can be used as the primary height source when below this percentage of its maximum range (see RNGFND_MAX_CM). Set to -1 when EK2_ALT_SOURCE is not set to range finder. This is not for terrain following.

Increment Range Units
1 -1 - 70 percent

EK2_TERR_GRAD: Maximum terrain gradient

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Specifies the maximum gradient of the terrain below the vehicle assumed when it is fusing range finder or optical flow to estimate terrain height.

Increment Range
0.01 0 - 0.2

EK2_BCN_M_NSE: Range beacon measurement noise (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in the range beacon measurement. Increasing it reduces the weighting on this measurement.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.1 - 10.0 meters

EK2_BCN_I_GTE: Range beacon measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the range beacon measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK2_BCN_DELAY: Range beacon measurement delay (msec)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the number of msec that the range beacon measurements lag behind the inertial measurements. It is the time from the end of the optical flow averaging period and does not include the time delay due to the 100msec of averaging within the flow sensor.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
10 0 - 127 True milliseconds

EK2_RNG_USE_SPD: Range finder max ground speed

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

The range finder will not be used as the primary height source when the horizontal ground speed is greater than this value.

Increment Range Units
0.5 2.0 - 6.0 meters per second

EK2_MAG_MASK: Bitmask of active EKF cores that will always use heading fusion

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

1 byte bitmap of EKF cores that will disable magnetic field states and use simple magnetic heading fusion at all times. This parameter enables specified cores to be used as a backup for flight into an environment with high levels of external magnetic interference which may degrade the EKF attitude estimate when using 3-axis magnetometer fusion. NOTE : Use of a different magnetometer fusion algorithm on different cores makes unwanted EKF core switches due to magnetometer errors more likely.

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 FirstEKF
1 SecondEKF
2 ThirdEKF
3 FourthEKF
4 FifthEKF
5 SixthEKF
True

EK2_OGN_HGT_MASK: Bitmask control of EKF reference height correction

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

When a height sensor other than GPS is used as the primary height source by the EKF, the position of the zero height datum is defined by that sensor and its frame of reference. If a GPS height measurement is also available, then the height of the WGS-84 height datum used by the EKF can be corrected so that the height returned by the getLLH() function is compensated for primary height sensor drift and change in datum over time. The first two bit positions control when the height datum will be corrected. Correction is performed using a Bayes filter and only operates when GPS quality permits. The third bit position controls where the corrections to the GPS reference datum are applied. Corrections can be applied to the local vertical position or to the reported EKF origin height (default).

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 Correct when using Baro height
1 Correct when using range finder height
2 Apply corrections to local position
True

EK2_FLOW_USE: Optical flow use bitmask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Controls if the optical flow data is fused into the 24-state navigation estimator OR the 1-state terrain height estimator.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 None
1 Navigation
2 Terrain

EK2_MAG_EF_LIM: EarthField error limit

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This limits the difference between the learned earth magnetic field and the earth field from the world magnetic model tables. A value of zero means to disable the use of the WMM tables.

Range Units
0 - 500 milligauss

EK2_HRT_FILT: Height rate filter crossover frequency

Specifies the crossover frequency of the complementary filter used to calculate the output predictor height rate derivative.

Range RebootRequired Units
0.1 - 30.0 False hertz

EK2_GSF_RUN_MASK: Bitmask of which EKF-GSF yaw estimators run

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

1 byte bitmap of which EKF2 instances run an independant EKF-GSF yaw estimator to provide a backup yaw estimate that doesn’t rely on magnetometer data. This estimator uses IMU, GPS and, if available, airspeed data. EKF-GSF yaw estimator data for the primary EKF2 instance will be logged as GSF0 and GSF1 messages. Use of the yaw estimate generated by this algorithm is controlled by the EK2_GSF_USE, EK2_GSF_DELAY and EK2_GSF_MAXCOUNT parameters. To run the EKF-GSF yaw estimator in ride-along and logging only, set EK2_GSF_USE to 0.

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 FirstEKF
1 SecondEKF
2 ThirdEKF
3 FourthEKF
4 FifthEKF
5 SixthEKF
True

EK2_GSF_USE_MASK: Bitmask of which EKF-GSF yaw estimators are used

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

1 byte bitmap of which EKF2 instances will use the output from the EKF-GSF yaw estimator that has been turned on by the EK2_GSF_RUN parameter. If the inertial navigation calculation stops following the GPS, then the vehicle code can request EKF2 to attempt to resolve the issue, either by performing a yaw reset if enabled by this parameter by switching to another EKF2 instance. Additionally the EKF2 will initiate a reset internally if navigation is lost for more than EK2_GSF_DELAY milli seconds.

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 FirstEKF
1 SecondEKF
2 ThirdEKF
3 FourthEKF
4 FifthEKF
5 SixthEKF
True

EK2_GSF_DELAY: Delay from loss of navigation to yaw reset

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

If the inertial navigation calculation stops following the GPS and other positioning sensors for longer than EK2_GSF_DELAY milli-seconds, then the EKF2 code will generate a reset request internally and reset the yaw to the estimate from the EKF-GSF filter and reset the horizontal velocity and position to the GPS. This reset will not be performed unless the use of the EKF-GSF yaw estimate is enabled via the EK2_GSF_USE parameter.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
100 500 - 5000 True milliseconds

EK2_GSF_RST_MAX: Maximum number of resets to the EKF-GSF yaw estimate allowed

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Sets the maximum number of times the EKF2 will be allowed to reset it’s yaw to the estimate from the EKF-GSF yaw estimator. No resets will be allowed unless the use of the EKF-GSF yaw estimate is enabled via the EK2_GSF_USE parameter.

Increment Range RebootRequired
1 1 - 10 True

EK3_ Parameters

EK3_ENABLE: Enable EKF3

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This enables EKF3. Enabling EKF3 only makes the maths run, it does not mean it will be used for flight control. To use it for flight control set AHRS_EKF_TYPE=3. A reboot or restart will need to be performed after changing the value of EK3_ENABLE for it to take effect.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Disabled
1 Enabled

EK3_GPS_TYPE: GPS mode control

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls use of GPS measurements : 0 = use 3D velocity & 2D position, 1 = use 2D velocity and 2D position, 2 = use 2D position, 3 = Inhibit GPS use - this can be useful when flying with an optical flow sensor in an environment where GPS quality is poor and subject to large multipath errors.

Values
Value Meaning
0 GPS 3D Vel and 2D Pos
1 GPS 2D vel and 2D pos
2 GPS 2D pos
3 No GPS

EK3_VELNE_M_NSE: GPS horizontal velocity measurement noise (m/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets a lower limit on the speed accuracy reported by the GPS receiver that is used to set horizontal velocity observation noise. If the model of receiver used does not provide a speed accurcy estimate, then the parameter value will be used. Increasing it reduces the weighting of the GPS horizontal velocity measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.05 0.05 - 5.0 meters per second

EK3_VELD_M_NSE: GPS vertical velocity measurement noise (m/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets a lower limit on the speed accuracy reported by the GPS receiver that is used to set vertical velocity observation noise. If the model of receiver used does not provide a speed accurcy estimate, then the parameter value will be used. Increasing it reduces the weighting of the GPS vertical velocity measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.05 0.05 - 5.0 meters per second

EK3_VEL_I_GATE: GPS velocity innovation gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the GPS velocity measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements willbe rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK3_POSNE_M_NSE: GPS horizontal position measurement noise (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the GPS horizontal position observation noise. Increasing it reduces the weighting of GPS horizontal position measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.1 - 10.0 meters

EK3_POS_I_GATE: GPS position measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the GPS position measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK3_GLITCH_RAD: GPS glitch radius gate size (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls the maximum radial uncertainty in position between the value predicted by the filter and the value measured by the GPS before the filter position and velocity states are reset to the GPS. Making this value larger allows the filter to ignore larger GPS glitches but also means that non-GPS errors such as IMU and compass can create a larger error in position before the filter is forced back to the GPS position.

Increment Range Units
5 10 - 100 meters

EK3_ALT_SOURCE: Primary altitude sensor source

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

Primary height sensor used by the EKF. If the selected option cannot be used, baro is used. 1 uses the range finder and only with optical flow navigation (EK3_GPS_TYPE = 3), Do not use “1” for terrain following. NOTE: the EK3_RNG_USE_HGT parameter can be used to switch to range-finder when close to the ground. Setting 4 uses external nav system data, but only if data is also being used for horizontal position

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 Use Baro
1 Use Range Finder
2 Use GPS
3 Use Range Beacon
4 Use External Nav

EK3_ALT_M_NSE: Altitude measurement noise (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in the altitude measurement. Increasing it reduces the weighting of the baro measurement and will make the filter respond more slowly to baro measurement errors, but will make it more sensitive to GPS and accelerometer errors.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.1 - 10.0 meters

EK3_HGT_I_GATE: Height measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the height measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK3_HGT_DELAY: Height measurement delay (msec)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the number of msec that the Height measurements lag behind the inertial measurements.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
10 0 - 250 True milliseconds

EK3_MAG_M_NSE: Magnetometer measurement noise (Gauss)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in magnetometer measurements. Increasing it reduces the weighting on these measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.01 0.01 - 0.5 gauss

EK3_MAG_CAL: Magnetometer default fusion mode

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This determines when the filter will use the 3-axis magnetometer fusion model that estimates both earth and body fixed magnetic field states and when it will use a simpler magnetic heading fusion model that does not use magnetic field states. The 3-axis magnetometer fusion is only suitable for use when the external magnetic field environment is stable. EK3_MAG_CAL = 0 uses heading fusion on ground, 3-axis fusion in-flight, and is the default setting for Plane users. EK3_MAG_CAL = 1 uses 3-axis fusion only when manoeuvring. EK3_MAG_CAL = 2 uses heading fusion at all times, is recommended if the external magnetic field is varying and is the default for rovers. EK3_MAG_CAL = 3 uses heading fusion on the ground and 3-axis fusion after the first in-air field and yaw reset has completed, and is the default for copters. EK3_MAG_CAL = 4 uses 3-axis fusion at all times. EK3_MAG_CAL = 5 uses an external yaw sensor with simple heading fusion. NOTE : Use of simple heading magnetometer fusion makes vehicle compass calibration and alignment errors harder for the EKF to detect which reduces the sensitivity of the Copter EKF failsafe algorithm. NOTE: The fusion mode can be forced to 2 for specific EKF cores using the EK3_MAG_MASK parameter. EK3_MAG_CAL=6 uses an external yaw sensor with fallback to compass when the external sensor is not available if we are flying. EK3_MAG_CAL = 7 uses a yaw angle derived from IMU and GPS velocity data using a Gaussian Sum Filter (GSF). NOTE: The fusion mode can be forced to 2 for specific EKF cores using the EK3_MAG_MASK parameter. NOTE: When using EKF3_MAG_CAL = 7, the EK3_GSF_RUN and EK3_GSF_USE masks must be set to the same as EK3_IMU_MASK and COMPASS_ENABLE must be set to 0 and yaw alignment will not occur until after takeoff with sufficient horizontal movement.

RebootRequired Values
True
Value Meaning
0 When flying
1 When manoeuvring
2 Never
3 After first climb yaw reset
4 Always
5 Use external yaw sensor
6 External yaw sensor with compass fallback
7 Use GSF yaw estimate

EK3_MAG_I_GATE: Magnetometer measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the magnetometer measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK3_EAS_M_NSE: Equivalent airspeed measurement noise (m/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in equivalent airspeed measurements used by planes. Increasing it reduces the weighting of airspeed measurements and will make wind speed estimates less noisy and slower to converge. Increasing also increases navigation errors when dead-reckoning without GPS measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.5 - 5.0 meters per second

EK3_EAS_I_GATE: Airspeed measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the airspeed measurement innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK3_RNG_M_NSE: Range finder measurement noise (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in the range finder measurement. Increasing it reduces the weighting on this measurement.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.1 - 10.0 meters

EK3_RNG_I_GATE: Range finder measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the range finder innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK3_MAX_FLOW: Maximum valid optical flow rate

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the magnitude maximum optical flow rate in rad/sec that will be accepted by the filter

Increment Range Units
0.1 1.0 - 4.0 radians per second

EK3_FLOW_M_NSE: Optical flow measurement noise (rad/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise and errors in optical flow measurements. Increasing it reduces the weighting on these measurements.

Increment Range Units
0.05 0.05 - 1.0 radians per second

EK3_FLOW_I_GATE: Optical Flow measurement gate size

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the percentage number of standard deviations applied to the optical flow innovation consistency check. Decreasing it makes it more likely that good measurements will be rejected. Increasing it makes it more likely that bad measurements will be accepted.

Increment Range
25 100 - 1000

EK3_FLOW_DELAY: Optical Flow measurement delay (msec)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the number of msec that the optical flow measurements lag behind the inertial measurements. It is the time from the end of the optical flow averaging period and does not include the time delay due to the 100msec of averaging within the flow sensor.

Increment Range RebootRequired Units
10 0 - 250 True milliseconds

EK3_GYRO_P_NSE: Rate gyro noise (rad/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This control disturbance noise controls the growth of estimated error due to gyro measurement errors excluding bias. Increasing it makes the flter trust the gyro measurements less and other measurements more.

Increment Range Units
0.0001 0.0001 - 0.1 radians per second

EK3_ACC_P_NSE: Accelerometer noise (m/s^2)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This control disturbance noise controls the growth of estimated error due to accelerometer measurement errors excluding bias. Increasing it makes the flter trust the accelerometer measurements less and other measurements more.

Increment Range Units
0.01 0.01 - 1.0 meters per square second

EK3_GBIAS_P_NSE: Rate gyro bias stability (rad/s/s)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This state process noise controls growth of the gyro delta angle bias state error estimate. Increasing it makes rate gyro bias estimation faster and noisier.

Range Units
0.00001 - 0.001 radians per square second

EK3_ABIAS_P_NSE: Accelerometer bias stability (m/s^3)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This noise controls the growth of the vertical accelerometer delta velocity bias state error estimate. Increasing it makes accelerometer bias estimation faster and noisier.

Range Units
0.00001 - 0.005 meters per cubic second

EK3_WIND_P_NSE: Wind velocity process noise (m/s^2)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This state process noise controls the growth of wind state error estimates. Increasing it makes wind estimation faster and noisier.

Increment Range Units
0.1 0.01 - 1.0 meters per square second

EK3_WIND_PSCALE: Height rate to wind process noise scaler

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This controls how much the process noise on the wind states is increased when gaining or losing altitude to take into account changes in wind speed and direction with altitude. Increasing this parameter increases how rapidly the wind states adapt when changing altitude, but does make wind velocity estimation noiser.

Increment Range
0.1 0.0 - 1.0

EK3_GPS_CHECK: GPS preflight check

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is a 1 byte bitmap controlling which GPS preflight checks are performed. Set to 0 to bypass all checks. Set to 255 perform all checks. Set to 3 to check just the number of satellites and HDoP. Set to 31 for the most rigorous checks that will still allow checks to pass when the copter is moving, eg launch from a boat.

Bitmask
Bit Meaning
0 NSats
1 HDoP
2 speed error
3 position error
4 yaw error
5 pos drift
6 vert speed
7 horiz speed

EK3_IMU_MASK: Bitmask of active IMUs

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

1 byte bitmap of IMUs to use in EKF3. A separate instance of EKF3 will be started for each IMU selected. Set to 1 to use the first IMU only (default), set to 2 to use the second IMU only, set to 3 to use the first and second IMU. Additional IMU’s can be used up to a maximum of 6 if memory and processing resources permit. There may be insufficient memory and processing resources to run multiple instances. If this occurs EKF3 will fail to start.

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 FirstIMU
1 SecondIMU
2 ThirdIMU
3 FourthIMU
4 FifthIMU
5 SixthIMU
True

EK3_CHECK_SCALE: GPS accuracy check scaler (%)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This scales the thresholds that are used to check GPS accuracy before it is used by the EKF. A value of 100 is the default. Values greater than 100 increase and values less than 100 reduce the maximum GPS error the EKF will accept. A value of 200 will double the allowable GPS error.

Range Units
50 - 200 percent

EK3_NOAID_M_NSE: Non-GPS operation position uncertainty (m)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the amount of position variation that the EKF allows for when operating without external measurements (eg GPS or optical flow). Increasing this parameter makes the EKF attitude estimate less sensitive to vehicle manoeuvres but more sensitive to IMU errors.

Range Units
0.5 - 50.0 meters

EK3_LOG_MASK: EKF sensor logging IMU mask

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This sets the IMU mask of sensors to do full logging for

Bitmask RebootRequired
Bit Meaning
0 FirstIMU
1 SecondIMU
2 ThirdIMU
3 FourthIMU
4 FifthIMU
5 SixthIMU
True

EK3_YAW_M_NSE: Yaw measurement noise (rad)

Note: This parameter is for advanced users

This is the RMS value of noise in yaw measurements from the magnetometer. Increasing it reduces the weighting on these measurements.

Increment Range