Holybro Durandal

../_images/durandal_iso.png

Durandal is the latest update to the successful family of Holybro autopilots. It was designed and developed by Holybro, optimized to run the latest ArduPilot firmware. It features the STM32H743 microprocessor, the latest advanced processor technology from STMicroelectronics®, plus sensor technology from Bosch® and InvenSense®, and a ChibiOS real-time operating system, delivering incredible performance, flexibility, and reliability for controlling any autonomous vehicle. Durandal’s microcontroller now has 2 MB of Flash memory and 1 MB of RAM.

Specifications

  • Processor
    • 32-bit STM32H743 main processor
    • 400Mhz / 1MB RAM / 2MB Flash
    • 32-bit co-processor
  • Sensors
    • InvenSense ICM20689 accelerometer / gyroscope
    • Bosch BMI088 accelerometer / gyroscope
    • MS5611 barometer
    • IST8310 magnetometer
  • Power
    • Operating power: 4.9~5.5V (6v max input)
    • USB Input: 4.75~5.25V
    • High-power servo rail, up to 36V (servo rail does not power the autopilot)
    • Dual voltage and current monitor inputs
  • Interfaces
    • USB-C and JST_GH USB ports
    • 16 PWM outputs, 8 of which can be used as GPIO pins
    • Dual power module inputs
    • S.Bus servo output
    • R/C inputs for CPPM and S.Bus
    • DSM input port
    • Analogue / PWM RSSI input
    • 5x general purpose serial ports plus debug port
    • 3x I2C ports
    • 4x SPI buses enabled
    • 2x CAN Bus ports
    • 2x additional analog inputs
    • Safety Switch/LED
  • Other
  • Weight: 64g
  • Builtin IMU heater for temperature stability
  • Dimensions: 80mm x 45mm x 20.5mm
  • Operating temperature: -40 ~ 85°c(claimed)

Pinout

../_images/Durandal-top.png ../_images/Durandal-front.png ../_images/Durandal-back.png ../_images/Durandal-left.png ../_images/Durandal-right.png

UART Mapping

  • SERIAL0 -> USB
  • SERIAL1 -> UART2 (Telem1)
  • SERIAL2 -> UART3 (Telem2)
  • SERIAL3 -> UART1 (GPS)
  • SERIAL4 -> UART4 (GPS2, Telem4/I2C)
  • SERIAL5 -> UART6 (Telem3)
  • SERIAL6 -> UART7 (debug port)
  • SERIAL7 -> USB2

The Telem1, Telem2 and Telem3 ports have RTS/CTS pins, the other UARTs do not have RTS/CTS.

Connectors

Unless noted otherwise all connectors are JST GH

TELEM1, TELEM2, TELEM3 ports

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (blk) TX (OUT) +3.3V
3 (blk) RX (IN) +3.3V
4 (blk) CTS +3.3V
5 (blk) RTS +3.3V
6 (blk) GND GND

GPS1 port

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (blk) TX (OUT) +3.3V
3 (blk) RX (IN) +3.3V
4 (blk) SCL I2C1 +3.3V
5 (blk) SDA I2C1 +3.3V
6 (blk) Button GND
7 (blk) button LED GND
8 (blk) 3.3V 3.3
9 (blk) buzzer GND
(blk) GND GND

GPS2, Telem4/I2C port

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (blk) TX (OUT) +3.3V
3 (blk) RX (IN) +3.3V
4 (blk) SCL I2C2 +3.3V
5 (blk) SDA I2C2 +3.3V
6 (blk) GND GND

SBUS Out port

The SBUS out port is a port attached to the IO processor which can be used to output all servo channels via SBUS. It is enabled by setting the BRD_SBUS_OUT parameter.

When SBUS output is disabled (by setting BRD_SBUS_OUT to 0) you can use the pin for analog RSSI input from receivers. To enable for RSSI input you need to set:

  • BRD_SBUS_OUT 0
  • RSSI_TYPE 1
  • RSSI_PIN 103

You cannot have both SBUS output and analog RSSI input at the same time.

Pin Signal Volt
1 GND GND
2 5v(Vservo) +5.0V
3 TX (OUT) +3.3V

DSM/SPKT port

The SPKT port provides a connector for Spektrum satellite receivers. It is needed to allow for software controlled binding of satellite receivers.

Pin Signal Volt
1 RX (IN) +3.3V
2 GND GND
3 3.3v +3.3V

ADC / CAPTURE

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (blk) FMU_CAP6, AUX6, GPIO 55
3 (blk) FMU_CAP5, AUX7, GPIO 56
4 (blk) FMU_CAP4, AUX8, GPIO 57
5 (blk) FMU_CAP3, GPIO 60
6 (blk) FMU_CAP2, GPIO 59
7 (blk) FMU_CAP1, GPIO 58
8 (blk) ADC1_3V3 (ADC pin 4)
9 (blk) ADC1_6V6 (ADC pin 18)
10 (blk) GND GND

I2C

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (blk) SCL +3.3 (pullups)
3 (blk) SDA +3.3 (pullups)
4 (blk) GND GND

CAN1&2

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (blk) CAN_H +12V
3 (blk) CAN_L +12V
4 (blk) GND GND

POWER1&2

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (red) VCC +5V
3 (blk) CURRENT up to +3.3V
4 (blk) VOLTAGE up to +3.3V
5 (blk) GND GND
6 (blk) GND GND

USB

Pin Signal Volt
1 (red) VCC +5V
2 (blk) D_minus +3.3V
3 (blk) D_plus +3.3V
4 (blk) GND GND

RC Input

RC input is configured on the RCIN pin, at one end of the servo rail, marked RCIN in the above diagram. This pin supports all RC protocols. In addition there is a dedicated Spektrum satellite port which supports software power control, allowing for binding of Spektrum satellite receivers.

PWM Output

The Durandal supports up to 16 PWM outputs. First first 8 outputs (labelled “MAIN”) are controlled by a dedicated STM32F100 IO controller. These 8 outputs support all PWM output formats, but not DShot.

The remaining 8 outputs (labelled AUX1 to AUX8) are the “auxillary” outputs. These are directly attached to the STM32F427 and support all PWM protocols as well as DShot.

All 13 back-side PWM outputs have GND on the top row, 5V on the middle row and signal on the bottom row.

The 8 main PWM outputs are in 3 groups:

  • PWM 1 and 2 in group1
  • PWM 3 and 4 in group2
  • PWM 5, 6, 7 and 8 in group3

The 8 auxillary PWM outputs are in 2 groups:

  • PWM 1, 2, 3 and 4 in group4
  • PWM 5 and 6 in group5
  • PWM 7 and 8 in group6 (no DMA, no DShot)

Channels within the same group need to use the same output rate. If any channel in a group uses DShot then all channels in the group need to use DShot.

Battery Monitoring

The board has two dedicated power monitor ports on 6 pin connectors. The correct battery setting parameters are dependent on the type of power brick which is connected.

Compass

The Durandal has one builtin IST8310 compass.

GPIOs

The 8 AUX PWM ports can be used as GPIOs (relays, buttons, RPM etc). To use them you need to limit the number of these pins that is used for PWM by setting the BRD_PWM_COUNT to a number less than 8. For example if you set it to 6 then PWM7 and PWM8 will be available for use as GPIOs.

The numbering of the GPIOs for PIN variables in ArduPilot is:

  • PWM1 50
  • PWM2 51
  • PWM3 52
  • PWM4 53
  • PWM5 54
  • PWM6 55
  • PWM7 56
  • PWM8 57

Analog inputs

The Durandal has 7 analog inputs

  • ADC Pin16 -> Battery Voltage
  • ADC Pin17 -> Battery Current Sensor
  • ADC Pin14 -> Battery2 Voltage
  • ADC Pin15 -> Battery2 Current Sensor
  • ADC Pin4 -> ADC port pin 8 (3.3V limit)
  • ADC Pin18 -> ADC port pin 9 (6.6V limit)
  • ADC Pin9 -> RSSI in
  • ADC Pin10 -> 5V Sense
  • ADC Pin11 -> 3.3V Sense

IMU Heater

The IMU heater in the Durandal can be controlled with the BRD_IMU_TARGTEMP parameter, which is in degrees C.

Loading Firmware

The board comes pre-installed with an ArduPilot compatible bootloader, allowing the loading of *.apj firmware files with any ArduPilot compatible ground station.

Where to Buy

  • Order from Holybro.
  • Holybro distributors are listed here.

Quick Start

Use the Pixhawk Wiring QuickStart as a general guide.

Acknowledgments

Thanks to [Holybro](http://www.holybro.com) for images